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GUILD LIGHT MUSIC GLCD5196
Melodies For The Starlight Hours

1 When Day Is Done (Robert Katscher, arr. Laurie Johnson)
AMBROSE AND HIS ORCHESTRA Conducted by LAURIE JOHNSON
MGM 897 1956
2 I’ve Told Ev’ry Little Star (from "Music In The Air") (Jerome Kern; Oscar Hammerstein II, arr. Conrad Salinger)
THE CONRAD SALINGER ORCHESTRA Conducted by BUDDY BREGMAN
Verve MG VS-6012 1958
3 I Could Have Danced All Night (from "My Fair Lady") (Alan Jay Lerner; Frederick Loewe, arr. Percy Faith)
PERCY FAITH AND HIS ORCHESTRA
Columbia CL 695 1956
4 Sweet Surrender Waltz (Hubert Giraud)
ANDRE KOSTELANETZ AND HIS ORCHESTRA
Columbia CL 704 1955
5 Manhattan In Satin (from "Impressions of New York") (Willis Schaefer)
NEW CONCERT ORCHESTRA Conducted by CEDRIC DUMONT
Boosey & Hawkes O 2294 1957
6 Orchids In The Moonlight (Vincent Youmans, arr. Robert Farnon)
ROBERT FARNON AND HIS ORCHESTRA
Decca LF 1052 1951
7 Moonlight Becomes You (from "The Road To Morocco") (Johnny Burke; James Van Heusen)
GLENN OSSER AND HIS ORCHESTRA
Kapp KL 1022 1955
8 In Paris, In Love (Steve Race)
STEVE RACE, PIANO, AND HIS ORCHESTRA
Parlophone 45-R 4730 1961
9 Thinking Of You (Harry Ruby; Bert Kalmar)
JOHN CLEGG AND HIS ORCHESTRA
RCA LPM 1732 1958
10 How Beautiful Is Night (Robert Farnon)
LESLIE JONES and his ORCHESTRA OF LONDON
Pye-Nixa NSPL 83008 1959
11 Melody For Lovers (Cecil Milner)
GEORGES DERVEAUX AND HIS ORCHESTRA
Charles Brull/Harmonic CBL 345 1953
12 Speak Low (from "One Touch Of Venus") (Kurt Weill, arr. Morton Gould)
MORTON GOULD AND HIS ORCHESTRA
RCA Victor LSC-2552 1961
13 Mind If I Make Love To You (Cole Porter)
PETE KING AND HIS ORCHESTRA
Warner Bros W 1294 1959
14 A Tender Mood (Angela Morley)
TELECAST ORCHESTRA Conducted by ANGELA MORLEY (as ‘Walter Stott’)
Chappell C 717 1961
15 Moon Over Miami (Edgar Leslie; Joe Burke)
GUY LUYPAERTS AND HIS ORCHESTRA
Decca DL 8271 1956
16 Midnight Tango (Anthony Toby Hiller; Irving Hiller; Daniel Newman)
REG TILSLEY AND HIS ORCHESTRA
Melodisc 1303 1954
17 Cocktails By Candlelight (Peter Yorke)
TELECAST ORCHESTRA Conducted by PETER YORKE
Chappell C 716 1961
18 Take My Lips (Meravigliose Labbra) (Teo Usuelli)
LAURIE JOHNSON AND HIS ORCHESTRA
Columbia 45-DB 4546 1960
19 Stranger In Town (Malcolm Neville Lockyer, arr. Bruce Campbell)
BRUCE CAMPBELL AND HIS ORCHESTRA (‘Coronet Orchestra’ on disc label)
MGM E 3167 1955
20 Lonely Room (Adolph Deutsch)
FERRANTE AND TEICHER WITH THEIR ORCHESTRA
London 45-HLT 9164 1960
21 Amami Si Vuoi (Love Me If You Wish) (Vittorio Mascheroni)
GEORGE MELACHRINO Conducting the Orchestra of the 6th San Remo Festival
HMV SCT 1519 1957
22 During One Night (Theme from the film) (Bill McGuffie; James Dyrenforth)
BILL McGUFFIE AND HIS ORCHESTRA featuring HARRY PITCH, Harmonica
Philips PB 1100 1961
23 Underneath The Harlem Moon (Harry Revel)
WERNER MÜLLER AND HIS ORCHESTRA
Polydor 46007 LPHM 1956
24 Night In Trinidad (David Rose)
DAVID ROSE AND HIS ORCHESTRA
MGM C 788 1959
25 After Hours Joint (J. George Johnson)
NEW WORLD THEATRE ORCHESTRA
Stereo Fidelity SF-3000 1957

Stereo: tracks 2, 10, 12, 21 & 25; rest in mono.

When work for the day has been completed the Starlight Hours beckon. This is the time to unwind and relax – if you’re lucky, in some pleasant company. An evening out may be in order: first an enjoyable meal, followed by some mellow moments simply letting the cares of the day fade away. Should you still have some energy left then why not seek out some late-night entertainment at a night club, or perhaps where some gentle jazz sounds are being carried along in the breeze. On the other hand you can simply stay at home, start playing this CD, and let the music do the rest.

Although the record label for When Day Is Done names the Ambrose Orchestra, in truth all the credit has to go to the arranger and conductor Laurie Johnson (b.1927), who has been a leading figure on the British entertainment scene for 50 years. Early in his career he was asked by MGM to make a series of recordings as conductor and arranger, but at the time the bandleader Ambrose was still well-known, so it was his name that appeared on the labels. Also a gifted composer, Laurie has contributed to films, musical theatre, radio, television and records, with his music used in many well-known productions such as "The Avengers" and "The Professionals". Later in this collection he returns conducting his own orchestra in the Italian melody Take My Lips.

Buddy Bregman (b. 1930) raises his baton for the twelfth time on a Guild CD conducting a masterly arrangement by Conrad Salinger (1901-1961). This time he turns his attention to Jerome Kern’s (1885-1945) I’ve Told Every Little Star.

Ella Fitzgerald (1917-1996) once sang the memorable lines that ‘"My Fair Lady" is a terrific show they say, we both may see it close one day’. Well, it did eventually close, but not until after 2,717 performances on Broadway, and 2,281 in London’s West End. The music remains as fresh and popular as ever, especially when a great arranger/conductor like Percy Faith (1908-1976) gets to work on I Could Have Danced All Night.

Andre Kostelanetz (1901-1980) was one of the biggest names in American light orchestral music during the middle years of the 20th Century. His broadcasts and recordings were enjoyed by millions. Sweet Surrender Waltz bears all the hallmarks of the quality the orchestra achieved during its finest years.

Willis Schaefer (1928-2007) was an American composer, conductor and arranger who worked on numerous television series from the early 1950s onwards. Among his best known shows are "Gunsmoke", "Disneyland", "The Phil Silvers Show", "Wagon Train", "Perry Mason" and personality shows hosted by Jackie Gleason, Sid Caesar, Ed Sullivan and Johnny Carson. Manhattan In Satin is a prime example of his skills as an orchestrator, and perhaps explains why he was so much in demand from top television programme makers in his homeland.

Canadian-born Robert Farnon (1917-2005) is widely regarded as one of the greatest light music composers and arrangers of his generation. His melodies such as Portrait Of A Flirt (on Guild GLCD 5120) and Jumping Bean (GLCD5162) are familiar to millions around the world. His arrangements covered the works of all the top songwriters, and Orchids In The Moonlight comes from a collection of melodies by New Yorker Vincent Youmans (1898-1946).

Abe (Glenn) Osser (b. 1914) first came to prominence though his close association with Paul Whiteman for whom he provided arrangements and often conducted the orchestra, usually for the vocalists. Other top bands which used his scores included Les Brown, Jan Savitt, Bob Crosby, Bunny Berigan and Charlie Barnet. For much of his career he freelanced as a conductor and arranger, and became closely associated with the "Miss America" beauty pageants for many years. He sometimes worked under pseudonyms such as Arthur Meisel, Bob Marvel and Maurice Pierre. "The Road To Morocco" (1942) was the third, and now considered the best, of the famous ‘Road’ films starring Bing Crosby, Bob Hope and Dorothy Lamour. Moonlight Becomes You was first sung ‘straight’ by Bing Crosby, and later in the film it was used in a comedy sequence involving multi-tracking. This hasn’t prevented it becoming a standard.

Stephen (Steve) Russell Race (1921-2009) first attracted attention as a pianist and arranger with many top British bands of the post-war years, and he became a prolific contributor to production music libraries. His wide-ranging career also embraced conducting for many TV shows, and he was a popular compere of panel games and music programmes. In Paris In Love features him as both composer and performer.

Thinking Of You, played by the John Clegg Orchestra, was written by Harry Ruby and Bert Kalmar in 1927 for a Broadway show "The Five O’Clock Girl". It became popular again in the early 1950s, thanks to the MGM film "Three Little Words", which told the life story of the composers.

The English conductor Leslie Jones (b. 1905), a solicitor by profession, gave a large number of Robert Farnon compositions their first stereo versions in sessions for Pye towards the end of the 1950s. Several have already been featured on Guild, and How Beautiful Is Night perfectly suits the ambience of this collection. It was one of Farnon’s most successful works: with added lyrics it was recorded by Sarah Vaughan (1924-1990) and Tony Bennett (b. 1926), and gave its name to the title of a much-praised album featuring George Shearing (1919-2011) with the Farnon Orchestra.

Edward Cecil Milner (1905-1989) was a highly respected composer and arranger in London music circles, particularly during a long association with Mantovani (1905-1980), for whom he supplied around 220 scores. He was also an accomplished composer (he was being recognised while still in his twenties), with his works, such as Melody For Lovers, willingly accepted by several background music publishers. Another of his famous colleagues was Charles Williams (1893-1978), whose music Milner frequently arranged: the two were closely associated since their days working on pre-war British films – usually without any screen credits. Cecil Milner’s close friend from the same period was Clive Richardson (1909-1998), composer of Melody On The Move (on GLCD5102), London Fantasia (GLCD5120, Running Off The Rails (GLCD5156) and other popular pieces of light music. In the cinema Milner worked on some 50 films, often for Louis Levy (1893-1957), most notably the 1938 classic "The Lady Vanishes".

Morton Gould (1913-1996) became one of the most highly respected American composers and conductors. He generally also arranged the works he conducted in the concert hall and on records (such as Speak Low), and from 1986 to 1994 he held the important position of President of the American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers (ASCAP).

The American orchestra leader Peter Dudley King (1914-1982) was also a successful songwriter and arranger, whose career embraced radio, television, recordings and films. Mind If I Make Love To You was one of many Cole Porter (1891-1964) standards he scored during his long and busy career.

Angela Morley (1924-2009) was regarded as one of the finest arrangers and film composers in recent years. In her later career she worked on several big budget movies - one example is the "Star Wars" series assisting John Williams, and it has been said that the final nine minutes of music in the film "ET" was entirely her brilliant orchestration. She also contributed scores to prestigious US TV shows such as "Dallas" and "Dynasty". In the 1950s she made many recordings under her former name, Wally Stott, also providing the priceless musical backings for BBC Radio’s "The Goon Show". The Chappell Recorded Music Library commissioned numerous original works, covering a variety of different themes. A Tender Mood reveals Angela’s ability to create beautiful string miniatures, in stark contrast to her bright, bustling numbers such as A Canadian In Mayfair (on Guild GLCD5157) and Angel Cake (GLCD5103).

Guy Luypaerts (b. 1917) first appeared on a Guild CD playing music by Cole Porter (GLCD5127). He was born in Paris to Belgian parents during the First World War and became well-known in French musical circles through conducting an orchestra called the Nouvelle Association Symphonique de Paris. This was in the era when live music featured prominently on the radio, and his broadcasts with this orchestra resulted in invitations to conduct other radio orchestras in European cities. Luypaerts is listed as providing the music for the 1945 film "Etoile Sans Lumière". He worked with Edith Piaf (he arranged her 1946 world-wide hit "La Vie En Rose"), Georges Guetary, Yves Montand and most notably with Charles Trénet - their collaboration spanned 30 years and began when Trénet discovered him playing jazz at an officers’ mess early in World War 2. Guild has previously included him conducting quirky cameos such as The Sleepwalker of Amsterdam (GLCD5131) and Masquerade In Madrid (GLCD5132). This time Moon Over Miami finds him in yet another mood.

From the small British record company Melodisc (a label which issued very few orchestral recordings as it tended to specialise in West African music) comes Midnight Tango featuring Reg Tilsley, a well-known composer, arranger and conductor within the UK music business. He was active in arranging and recording music library tracks (notably for De Wolfe); he also worked for a while with the pop group The Pretty Things and made a number of LP albums for Philips under the "Sounds Orchestral" banner.

Peter Yorke (1902-1966) is a regular contributor to this series of CDs, as composer, arranger and conductor – he combines all three skills in Cocktails By Candlelight. After a grounding in British Dance Bands of the 1920s and 1930s, he graduated to arranging for Louis Levy before eventually forming his own concert orchestra for recording and broadcasting.

Bruce Campbell was one of several writers who owed much to his association with Robert Farnon. He was a fellow Canadian, who actually came to Britain some years before Farnon, and played trombone with various top British bands during the 1930s. Campbell assisted Farnon on his post-war BBC radio shows, and eventually became a frequent contributor to various mood music libraries. Stranger In Town comes from a rare LP that Campbell recorded in Britain for the American market. Its composer is Malcolm Neville Lockyer (1923-1976) who became a familiar name in Britain, through his broadcasts (almost 6,000) and recordings. After war service in the Royal Air Force he worked as a pianist and arranger with Ambrose (1896-1971), Cyril Stapleton (1914-1974) and Robert Famon, but he soon established himself as a composer, with approaching 100 titles to his credit.

Arthur Ferrante (1921-2009) and Louis Teicher (1924-2008) decided to form a piano duo when they met as students at the famous Julliard School of Music in New York. They launched their full-time concert career in 1947, and many of their recordings became big sellers. Lonely Room was composed by Adolph Deutsch (1897-1980) for the film "The Apartment" (1960).

Amami si vuoi won the second prize in the San Remo Song Festival 1956 and was included in the HMV stereo album recorded by George Melachrino (1909-1965) and The Orchestra of the San Remo Festival 1956 – several tracks from which have already been included in previous Guild CDs. The song was written by the writing team of Mario Panzeri and Vittorio Mascheroni (who wrote Poppa Piccolino) and the tune was used in the Fiat "Spirito di Punto" advertisements in the 1990s with the original singer Tonina Torrielli.

Yet another musician whose career crossed paths with Robert Farnon is William (Bill) McGuffie (1927-1987). He is remembered by most music lovers as a fine pianist, often leaning towards jazz, although his occasional work in films proved that he was also a talented composer. Like the 1960 British crime film The Unstoppable Man (Bill McGuffie’s music was included on GLCD5182), the 1961 movie During One Night also seems to have vanished from cinema radar, but the music certainly deserves to be remembered.

Werner Müller (1920-1998) was a bassoonist who became the first conductor of the RIAS (Radio In American Sector) Dance Band based in Berlin, which gave its first concert on 24 April 1949. It was not long before Müller began to realise that the public’s love affair with the swing era was gradually starting to wane, and sixteen strings were added to the line-up. The band had built up a strong following through its Polydor recordings, and by the mid-1950s the labels dropped the ‘RIAS’ tag and simply credited ‘Werner Müller and his Orchestra’; he also recorded under the pseudonym ‘Ricardo Santos’. A good example of the way in which strings became an integral part of the dance band can be heard in Manhattan Serenade (Guild GLCD5130) from their LP "Holiday in New York". Underneath The Harlem Moon comes from the same collection.

London-born David Rose (1910-1990) became one of the truly great light orchestra leaders in the USA, and his compositions such as Holiday For Strings (his own extended arrangement is on Guild GLCD5189) and The Stripper sold millions. Many of his original compositions have already been reissued on Guild, and Night In Trinidad can now be added to the long list.

J. George Johnson was an American pianist and composer who wrote more than 500 songs, although he never seems to have attained success in the charts. His best known was probably The Laughing Samba (with lyrics by his wife Anne Spear Johnson), which was recorded by The Andrews Sisters in the USA and Edmundo Ros (1910-2011) in Britain. His composition After Hours Joint came from a collection of pieces connected with New York, from which Guild has previously reissued several including his Central Park Romance (GLCD5155) and Greenwich Village (GLCD5167). He died in April 1994 aged 80.

David Ades

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GUILD LIGHT MUSIC GLCD5191

Strings Afire

1 Strings Afire (Wayne Robinson; Caesar Giovannini; Herman Clebanoff)
CLEBANOFF AND HIS ORCHESTRA
Mercury PPS 6019 1961
2 ‘S Wonderful (George Gershwin, arr. Rayburn Wright)
FREDERICK FENNELL AND HIS ORCHESTRA
Mercury CMS 18050 1961
3 Adieu Tristesse (Felicidade) (from "Orfeu Negro") (Antonio Carlos Jobim)
HELMUT ZACHARIAS AND HIS MAGIC VIOLINS
Polydor 24113B 1960
4 As Time Goes By (Herman Hupfeld)
ROGER WILLIAMS, HIS PIANO AND ORCHESTRA
London SAH-R6035 1959
5 Skin Diver’s Ballet (Ron Goodwin)
CYRIL STAPLETON AND HIS ORCHESTRA (as ‘Malcolm Peters’)
Top Rank 39/668 1960
6 Champs Elysees (Laurie Johnson)
GROUP-FORTY ORCHESTRA
KPM Music KPM 034 1960
7 I Can Dream Can’t I ((Sammy Fain; Irving Kahal)
PETE KING AND HIS ORCHESTRA
Warner Bros W 1294 1959
8 Veradero (Bernie Wayne, real name Bernard Weitzner)
MUSIC BY CAMARATA
Brunswick O5011 1951
9 Valse Mignonette (Trevor Duncan, real name Leonard Trebilco)
NEW CONCERT ORCHESTRA Conducted by DOLF VAN DER LINDEN (‘Nat Nyll’ on disc label)
Boosey & Hawkes O 2350 1959
10 Herbstgold (Autumn Gold) (Giovanni Brusso)
HANS GEORG ARLT AND HIS ORCHESTRA
Ariola 71231 1959
11 Piccadilly (David Rose)
DAVID ROSE AND HIS ORCHESTRA
MGM SE 4155 1961
12 Very Nice Man (from "Carnival") (Bob Merrill, arr. Brian Fahey)
CYRIL ORNADEL AND THE STARLIGHT SYMPHONY
MGM SE 3946 1961
13 Corrida (Dominico Savino)
RICHARD HAYMAN AND HIS ORCHESTRA
Mercury SR 60103 1959
14 China Doll (Leroy Anderson)
EASTMAN-ROCHESTER "POPS" ORCHESTRA Conducted by FREDERICK FENNELL
Mercury AMS16037 1960
15 Assembly Line (Ray Martin)
RAY MARTIN AND HIS CONCERT ORCHESTRA
Columbia DB 2882 1951
16 Goblin’s Gavotte (Anthony Tamburello, arr, Bruce Campbell)
ROBERT FARNON AND HIS ORCHESTRA (LP label credits ‘Everest Concert Orchestra Conducted by Derek Boulton’)
Everest SDBR 1018 1958
17 Evening On Tokyo’s Sumida (Dorothy Guyver Britton)
NORRIE PARAMOR AND HIS CONCERT ORCHESTRA
Capitol ST 10190 1959
18 Maracaibo (Les Baxter)
LES BAXTER AND HIS ORCHESTRA
Capitol T 655 1955
19 My Man (Mon Homme) (Maurice Yvain; Albert Lucien Willemetz; Jacques
Mardochee Charles)
XAVIER CUGAT AND HIS ORCHESTRA
RCA LSP 2173 1959
20 Swedish Rhapsody (Midsummer Vigil) (Hugo Alfven, arr. Percy Faith)
PERCY FAITH AND HIS ORCHESTRA
Columbia 4-39944 1953
21 The Secret Of Happiness (Curtin; Carl Sigmund)
TONY OSBORNE AND HIS ORCHESTRA
HMV 45-POP 483 1958
22 Carefree Character (Alan Perry, real name Ernest Tomlinson)
THE LIGHT SYMPHONIA Conducted by ROBERTO CAPELLI
Conroy BM 292 1961
23 All Through The Day (from "Centennial Summer") (Jerome Kern, arr. Paul Weston)
PAUL WESTON AND HIS ORCHESTRA
Columbia CS 8050 1958
24 Caress (Nagy, arr. Bruce Campbell)
BRUCE CAMPBELL AND HIS ORCHESTRA (‘Coronet Orchestra’ on disc label)
MGM E 3167 1955
25 Sidewalk (Charles Williams)
CHARLES WILLIAMS AND HIS CONCERT ORCHESTRA
Columbia DB 3493 1954
Stereo: tracks 1, 2, 4, 10-14, 16, 17, 19 & 23; rest in mono.

The American maestro Herman Clebanoff (1917-2004) has the honour of opening this collection, and providing the title track with his own composition Strings Afire, on which he collaborated with Wayne Robinson and Caesar Giovannini. The son of Russian emigrants, he was born in Chicago and began studying the violin when aged only five. By the time he was twenty he was both concertmaster of the Chicago Civic Orchestra and youngest member of the Chicago Symphony. Usually just known as ‘Clebanoff’, he had a long association with NBC, and from 1945 he spent the next ten years as concertmaster of their Chicago-based orchestra, playing a wide repertoire from the classics to popular tunes. Chicago’s Mercury music director, David Carroll, recognised Clebanoff’s talents, launching a series of orchestral LPs that were designed to compete with the output from the other major labels. Around 1960 Mercury consolidated its recording activities in the Hollywood area, where Clebanoff also settled for the rest of his life.

Following their Guild debut with Love Is Sweeping The Country (Guild GLCD5189), Frederick Fennell (1914-2004) returns with his Orchestra for another popular George Gershwin (1898-1937) title ’S Wonderful. On this occasion it is appropriate to mention the gifted arranger of these numbers, and one wonders why he is not better known. Rayburn Wright (1922-1990) was an American conductor, trombonist and arranger who taught jazz and film scoring at the Eastman School of Music, where Frederick Fennell was also an important presence. Such was the high esteem in which he was held that the school established the Rayburn Wright Award in 1989, recognising distinguished students.

Helmut Zacharias (1920-2002) was a German child prodigy who rose to prominence in the 1950s when the American Forces Network in Frankfurt described him as ‘the best jazz violinist in the world’. During his long career he composed over 400 works and his album sales exceeded 13 million. Adieu Tristesse was better known as Felicidade when it opened the 1959 Brazilian film "Orpheu Negro" ("Black Orpheus"), which was largely responsible for introducing the bossa nova to the world.

Herman Hupfeld (1894-1951) wrote the music and lyrics of As Time Goes By for the Broadway show "Everybody’s Welcome" in 1931. At the time it attracted little attention, and might have been quietly forgotten, had it not been chosen for the 1942 film "Casablanca". Since then it has been recorded hundreds, maybe thousands, of times, and the choice of the version by Roger Williams (1924-2011) is partly influenced by the attractive string passage that accompanies his distinctive piano.

Skin Diver’s Ballet is a composition by Ron Goodwin (1925-2003) who was under contract to EMI for many years. Similarly Cyril Stapleton (1914-1974) had a Decca contract, so when they decided to record an LP of Ron’s original pieces for a rival label Cyril had to become ‘Malcolm Peters’. Two other tracks from this meeting of two British Light Music ‘greats’ have previously appeared on Guild: Prairie Schooner (on GLCD5182) and Waitin’ For The Dawn (GLCD5187).

Laurie Johnson (b.1927) has been a leading figure on the British entertainment scene for 50 years. A gifted arranger and composer, Laurie has contributed to films, musical theatre, radio, television and records, with his music used in many well-known productions such as "The Avengers" and "The Professionals". Champs Elysees is one of many of his compositions that started to appear in the KPM Recorded Music Library, following its launch in 1959.

Peter Dudley King (1914-1982) makes his first Guild appearance with I Can Dream Can’t I, an attractive melody by Sammy Fain and Irving Kahal which deserves to be better known today. Originally published in 1938 for a long forgotten musical "Right This Way", it gained its greatest success in 1949 when a recording by The Andrews Sisters took it to the top of the US charts. Ohio-born Pete King was a busy arranger and conductor who worked extensively on American radio and television, and in the recording studios.

Judging by his prolific output, the 1950s seems to have been a very busy period for the American Bernie Wayne (born Bernard Weitzner 1919-1993). In the USA he is best known for his "Miss America" Beauty Pageant theme, and the hit song Blue Velvet. His string of instrumental successes included Vanessa (on GLCD5189), Port-au-Prince (GLCD5130) and Veradero (Geoff Love’s version is on GLCD5111). The 1951 recording of Veradero by the American maestro Salvatore ‘Tutti’ Camarata (1913-2005) is more faithful to the composer’s original version, hence its inclusion here.

Valse Mignonette is the twenty-seventh composition by Trevor Duncan (born Leonard Charles Trebilco, 1924-2005) in a Guild Light Music collection, and judging by the requests that keep coming in it won’t be the last. Many were written for the publisher that first promoted his work, Boosey & Hawkes, and their recordings were regularly of a high standard. Valse Mignonette was conducted by Dolf van der Linden (1915-1999), whose Metropole Orchestra in The Netherlands was one of the finest in Europe.

Making his eighth appearance on a Guild CD with Herbstgold is Hans Georg Arlt (1927-2011) who started learning the violin at the age of six, and later studied under Professor Max Strub in Berlin. In 1946 he began his distinguished radio career, and when the RIAS Dance Orchestra was formed in 1948 he led the string section for a while. In the following years he became a familiar name on German radio and television with his String Orchestra.

David Rose (1910-1990) had previously been regarded as a jazz pianist, but he persuaded RCA to let him record four instrumental numbers and the session in March 1942 resulted in the million-seller which firmly launched his career as one of America’s top orchestras. It was, of course, Holiday For Strings, and the maestro’s own extended version from the 1950s appears on Guild GLCD5189. He has already conducted twenty-five of his own works on previous Guild CDs, and his orchestra has also performed over thirty numbers by other composers. Piccadilly may not be his best-known piece, but it portrays all the familiar characteristics that have made him so popular with his fans who appreciate the best in Light Music.

From the late 1950s onwards Cyril Ornadel (1924-2011) made many fine orchestral albums with his ‘Starlight Symphony’, aimed primarily at the American market. His regular arranger was Brian Fahey (1919-2007), known in Britain as a busy musical director, arranger and composer. Very Nice Man is a lesser-known number from the 1961 Broadway show "Carnival".

Corrida receives a spirited performance from the Richard Hayman (b. 1920) Orchestra. Also known as a harmonica player, he worked on the MGM musical "Meet Me In St. Louis" and was put under contract by Mercury Records in 1950, for whom he made many singles and albums, the best-seller being his version of Ruby from the film "Ruby Gentry". He also arranged for the Boston Pops, serving as back-up conductor for Arthur Fiedler.

Leroy Anderson (1908-1975) was also closely associated with the Boston ‘Pops’ for many years as its chief arranger. Many of his compositions also made their debut under conductor Fiedler’s baton, but for this CD Frederick Fennell returns (this time with the Eastman-Rochester ‘Pops’ Orchestra) playing China Doll, one of Anderson’s less familiar melodies which deserves to be heard more often.

Viennese Raymond Stuart Martin (1918-1988) was born Raymond Wolfgang Kohn, but after he fled from the Nazis and settled in England before the outbreak of World War 2 he wished to be known as ‘Ray Martin’. He became one of the biggest names in British popular music during the 1950s. As well as conducting his orchestra for records, radio and television, he was also a talented composer. Assembly Line was one of his early compositions and it is included in response to requests from several of his loyal admirers.

In 1958 Everest Records of the US commissioned an album of original compositions (including Goblin’s Gavotte) from Tony Tamburello (who died in 1992 aged 72) which it called "Music Tailored To Your Taste". The Robert Farnon Orchestra was engaged, and sessions took place during the summer of 1958 in London at the Friends’ Meeting House and the IBC Studios in Portland Place. Bruce Campbell did most of the arrangements, but Farnon’s name could not appear on the record for contractual reasons. So his orchestra was renamed ‘The Everest Concert Orchestra’ and the conductor was credited as ‘Derek Boulton’ – actually Farnon’s manager!

Londoner Norman (Norrie) William Paramor (1914-1979) tended to be better known by the public for his work with pop stars as Artists and Repertoire Manager on EMI’s Columbia label, but he also made numerous instrumental recordings and wrote several catchy numbers that greatly appealed – such as Cornflakes under the pseudonym ‘Sidney Norman’ (on Guild GLCD5130). Evening On Tokyo’s Sumida comes from a collection recorded in London for EMI’s US subsidiary Capitol Records.

Although he was a talented arranger who was capable of producing the many different styles that a busy musician working in films and television – as well as recordings – was expected to provide, Texas born Les Baxter (1922-1996) tended to be asked by his record companies to record pieces with an ‘exotic’ appeal. Maracaibo also allows him to exhibit his talents as a composer.

Xavier Cugat (1900-1990) was a Spanish born bandleader who spent his formative years in Havana, but achieved fame in the USA. He provided the resident orchestra at New York’s Waldorf-Astoria before and after the Second World War, and he was also a cartoonist and successful businessman. His four marriages provided fodder for gossip columnists, but his lasting legacy is appearances in several Hollywood films and many fine recordings - usually of Latin American music. The French song Mon Homme has been around for a long time; it was a success for Mistinguett in 1916, and Fanny Brice introduced the English version in 1921.

The composer Hugo Emil Alfvén (1872-1960) is a legend in his native Sweden. His composition Swedish Rhapsody (written in 1903) gained him fame around the world in the 1950s, thanks to the version on this CD by Percy Faith (1908-1976).

The Secret Of Happiness brings Tony Osborne (Edward Benjamin Osborne, 1922-2009) back to a Guild collection. He became a familiar name in post-war Britain due to his broadcasts and recordings, originally playing piano with many top orchestras before embarking on his own career.

Ernest Tomlinson(b.1924) is one of Britain’s most talented composers, working mainly in light music, but also highly regarded for his choral works and brass band pieces. During a very productive career, he has contributed numerous titles to the recorded music libraries of many different publishers, often under the pseudonym ‘Alan Perry’ – such as for Carefree Character. In recent years Ernest has worked tirelessly to preserve thousands of music manuscripts that would otherwise have been destroyed, and he is the President of the Light Music Society.

Paul Weston (born Paul Wetstein 1912-1996) was one of America’s top arrangers and conductors, whose orchestral collections such as ‘Music For Dreaming’ and ‘Music For Memories’ were to provide the springboard for many future albums. All Through The Day is a typical example of the hundreds of tasteful arrangements he created during his long career. In 1971 the Trustees of the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences gave him its Trustees Award.

Bruce Campbell was one of several writers who owed much to his association with Robert Farnon. He was a fellow Canadian, who actually came to Britain some years before Farnon, and played trombone with various British bands during the 1930s. Towards the end of the 1940s Campbell realised that he possessed some skills as a composer, and Farnon encouraged him and provided some valuable guidance. The fruits of this meeting of talents have already been experienced on Guild CDs in titles such as Cloudland (GLCD5145), Windy Corner (GLCD5150) and Skippy (GLCD5125). Caress comes from a very rare LP which appears to have only been released in the USA. Campbell’s name wasn’t even mentioned as conductor of the album.

Our final track features Charles Williams(born Isaac Cozerbreit 1893-1978), another composer/conductor whose work is now familiar once again through his many Guild recordings. He had numerous pieces published by Chappells when he was the main contributor to their Recorded Music Library, and almost forty of his compositions have already been featured on Guild CDs. Sidewalk originally appeared in the Chappell Recorded Music Library in 1954, but Williams’ own commercial recording for Columbia has been chosen to complete this varied collection of Light Music.

David Ades

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GUILD LIGHT MUSIC GLCD5192

Stereo Into The Sixties

1 Night And Day (from the film "The Gay Divorcee") (Cole Porter, arr. Brian Fahey)
CYRIL ORNADEL AND THE STARLIGHT SYMPHONY
MGM SE 3843 1960
2 Bidin’ My Time (George Gershwin, arr. Rayburn Wright)
FREDERICK FENNELL AND HIS ORCHESTRA
Mercury CMS 18050 1961
3 Bobsled (Wayne Robinson; Caesar Giovannini; Herman Clebanoff)
CLEBANOFF AND HIS ORCHESTRA
Mercury PPS 6019 1961
4 Italia Mia (Annunzio Paolo Mantovani)
MANTOVANI AND HIS ORCHESTRA
Decca SKL 4135 1961
5 London Serenade (Ron Goodwin)
RON GOODWIN AND HIS ORCHESTRA
Parlophone PCS 3019 1961
6 Coney Island (Don Banks)
THE SINFONIA OF LONDON Conducted by DOUGLAS GAMLEY
HMV CSD 1333 1961
7 Carioca (from the film "Flying Down To Rio") (Gus Kahn; Edward Eliscu; Vincent
Youmans)
JACK SHAINDLIN AND HIS ORCHESTRA
Brunswick STA 3055 1961
8 What Is There To Say (Vernon Duke; E. Y. Harburg)
DAVID ROSE AND HIS ORCHESTRA
MGM SE 4155 1961
9 Jockey On The Carousel (Jerome Kern, arr. Morton Gould)
MORTON GOULD AND HIS ORCHESTRA
RCA LSC 2559 1961
10 Pedro The Fisherman (from "The Lisbon Story") (Harold Vousden Purcell; Harry Parr-Davies, arr. Johnny Douglas)
THE LIVING STRINGS Conducted by JOHNNY DOUGLAS
RCA SF 5072 1960
11 Petite Waltz (Joe Heyne)
DAVID CARROLL AND HIS ORCHESTRA
Mercury SML 30022 1961
12 Amparito Roca (Jaime Texidor)
ASTMAN-ROCHESTER POPS ORCHESTRA Conducted by FREDERICK FENNELL
Mercury SR 90144 1960
13 One Eyed Jacks – Love theme from the film (Hugo Friedhofer)
FERRANTE AND TEICHER at two pianos, with Orchestra and Chorus
HMV CSD 1407 1961
14 Lisa (Percy Faith)
PERCY FAITH AND HIS ORCHESTRA
Columbia CS 8360 1961
15 Ruby (from the film "Ruby Gentry") (Heinz Roemheld; Mitchell Parish)
THE MELACHRINO ORCHESTRA Conducted by GEORGE MELACHRINO
RCA LSP 2412 1961
16 On The Beach At Waikiki (Henry Kaikimai; G.H. Stove, arr. William Hill Bowen
THE LIVING STRINGS Conducted by WILLIAM HILL BOWEN
RCA Camden CAS 661 1961
17 Dream Of Olwen (from the film "While I Live") (Charles Williams)
RUSS CONWAY, Piano, with MICHAEL COLLINS AND HIS ORCHESTRA
Columbia SCX 3299 1960
18 Nobody’s Heart (Richard Rodgers, arr. Frank Cordell)
FRANK CORDELL AND HIS ORCHESTRA featuring NEILL SANDERS, horn
HMV CSD 1294 1960
19 The Alamo - Theme from the film (Green Leaves Of Summer) (Paul Francis
Webster; Dimitri Tiomkin)
BILLY VAUGHN AND HIS ORCHESTRA
DOT DLP 25349 1960
20 Fete Circassienne (Wal-Berg)
WAL-BERG AND HIS ORCHESTRA
Barclay BB 42 1960
21 Mayfair (from ‘London Again’ Suite) (Eric Coates)
ERIC JOHNSON AND HIS ORCHESTRA
Westminster WPS 103 1961
22 Away Out West (from the film "Around The World In Eighty Days") (Victor Popular Young; Harold Adamson, arr. Robert Farnon)
ROBERT FARNON AND HIS ORCHESTRA
MGM SE 3804 1960

All tracks in stereo

By the time 1960 arrived the record industry was gradually getting used to its latest asset – stereo. The initial excitement that had greeted its arrival a few years earlier was being replaced by a desire to use the new technology to its best advantage. Gone (in most cases!) were the ‘ping-pong’ novelty recordings, where instruments flitted about from left to right: they may have helped novices to set up their new stereo equipment correctly, but musically they quickly became tedious. The technology itself was still developing: separate mono and stereo versions of new recordings were issued because old mono pickups could not satisfactorily reproduce the new stereo discs. When production of the mono versions was phased out in the late 1960s owners of mono record players had to either replace them with a stereo one, or change their mono cartridge to a stereo compatible one.

The prize for providing the opening track for this collection goes to a man who was already well-known in Britain, mainly through his television work, but whose recording career owed much to the USA. From the late 1950s onwards Cyril Ornadel (1924-2011) made many fine orchestral albums with his ‘Starlight Symphony’, aimed primarily at the American market. His regular arranger was Brian Fahey (1919-2007), recognised in Britain as a busy musical director, arranger and composer. Night And Day by Cole Porter (1891-1964) first delighted audiences in 1932 in the Broadway musical "The Gay Divorce" which starred Fred Astaire. Two years later it was filmed by RKO with Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers: for the cinema the title was changed to "The Gay Divorcee".

Following their first Guild appearances with Love Is Sweeping The Country (Guild GLCD5189) and ’S Wonderful (GLCD5191), Frederick Fennell (1914-2004) returns with his Orchestra for another popular George Gershwin (1898-1937) title, Bidin’ My Time. The gifted arranger of these numbers was Rayburn Wright (1922-1990) an American conductor, trombonist and arranger who taught jazz and film scoring at the Eastman School of Music, where Frederick Fennell was also an important presence. Fennell conducts the Eastman-Rochester Pops Orchestra later in this collection in Spanish composer Jaime Texidor’s (1884-1957) familiar Amparito Roca which dates from 1925. Apparently it was named after his 12-year-old music student.

Chicago-born Herman Clebanoff (1917-2004) had a sound education in classical music and was an experienced violinist and concertmaster before he was 20. Usually just known as ‘Clebanoff’, he had a long association with NBC, and later Mercury Records. Bobsled is one of several bright string numbers he composed with Wayne Robinson and Caesar Giovannini.

Annunzio Paolo Mantovani (1905-1980) became the conductor of one of the most famous light orchestras from the 1950s onwards. Born in Venice, his family came to England when he was aged four and he was something of a prodigy on the violin by the time he reached sixteen. But he leaned more towards popular music, and fronted many different kinds of ensembles before long-playing records (especially when stereo arrived) brought him worldwide acclaim. Despite a very busy schedule embracing radio, television, concerts and recordings he also found time to compose and arrange for his magnificent orchestra, and Italia Mia is one he wrote for an album devoted to his native Italy.

Ronald (Ron) Alfred Goodwin(1925-2003) was a brilliant British composer, arranger and conductor, whose tuneful music reached the furthest corners of the world. As he gained recognition for his original compositions, such as London Serenade, he became in demand for film scores and among his best-remembered are "633 Squadron" (1964), "Those Magnificent Men In Their Flying Machines" (1965) and Alfred Hitchcock’s "Frenzy" (1972). In 1994 his talents were recognised when George Martin presented him with the Ivor Novello Award for Lifetime Achievement in Music. His big album sales also earned him gold and platinum discs.

The Australian composer Don Banks (1923-1980) gained his basic musical education ‘down under’, then came to Europe in 1950 to continue his studies. He also earned his living in London as a professional orchestrator and composer of music for feature films, documentaries, advertisements, publishers’ libraries and the theatre. In fact he became widely known and recognised within the music business for his abilities, and his Coney Island (a tribute to New York’s famous amusement park) is an outstanding work of light music. It receives a fine performance from fellow Australian Douglas Gamley (1925-1998) conducting the Sinfonia of London.

Carioca first caught the attention of film audiences in 1933 in "Flying Down To Rio", the movie usually quoted as launching the screen career of Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers. It receives a lively performance under the baton of Jack Shaindlin (1909-1978) who was a big name in American music circles for most of his life. He worked as a pianist for silent films, and his career eventually embraced composing, arranging and conducting (in the late 1940s he was musical director of the Carnegie Pops Orchestra). His music was used extensively in films and television, ranging from documentaries to cartoons. He was musical director of the March of Time newsreels which became a part of US popular culture.

David Rose (1910-1990) was one of the biggest names in American light music circles during the middle years of the 20th century. Born in London, England ‘lost’ him when the family moved to the USA when he was aged just four, but he retained a love for his birthplace and in his later life his fascination with steam railways often brought him back across the Atlantic. A prolific composer and arranger, he is an established Guild favourite, and What Is There To Say reveals the lush string sound of his superb orchestra at its very best.

The towering talents of two great American musicians combine in Jockey On The Carousel by Jerome Kern (1885-1945). Kern was responsible for some of the finest popular music of the last century, and Morton Gould (1913-1996) conducts a version that would surely have met with the composer’s approval.

The legendary American record producer, Ethel deNagy Gabriel (b. 1921), is reputed to have created ‘The Living Strings’ as a foremost easy listening icon for RCA’s budget label Camden at the end of the 1950s. It was an immediate success, but far from being one orchestra it was, in fact, many different ones. Leading arrangers and conductors were engaged to make mood music albums, and many of these were recorded in London, using top session musicians. Two are featured in this collection: first is the catchy Pedro The Fisherman arranged and conducted by Johnny Douglas (1920-2003). He made his first professional appearance as a pianist in 1939 but soon afterwards he was called up for war service in the Royal Air Force where he formed his own dance band. Later an arm injury prevented him from playing the piano for about two years, so he concentrated on his real love – arranging and composing, winning a Melody Maker Jazz Jamboree award for the best dance band composition. After the war he began scoring for many famous bands, gradually expanding his arranging skills. He recorded over 500 titles for Decca, and received many commissions for radio and television work. In 1958 he was asked to arrange and conduct "Living Strings Play Music of the Sea" for RCA, which was recorded at the Kingsway Hall, London, with an orchestra of 61 musicians. This began his long association with RCA, New York, and during the next twenty-five years he made 80 albums for RCA alone and received a Gold disc for the RCA album entitled "Feelings". Johnny has to his credit over 100 albums and 36 feature films, the most well-known of the latter being "The Railway Children" for which he received a British Academy Film & TV Arts Nomination.

Six tracks later On The Beach At Waikiki finds the Living Strings conducted by William Hill-Bowen (1918-1964). He was George Melachrino’s right-hand man in the years immediately following World War 2, often appearing on piano but, perhaps, more importantly as a brilliant arranger who managed to recreate his master’s famous style to perfection. He was also a talented composer, and The Living Strings especially gave him the opportunity to showcase his own creations.

Petite Waltz features David Carroll (1913-2008) – real name Rodell Walter ‘Nook’ Schreier – who was well-known in his native USA as a conductor and arranger. In the mid-1940s he joined the newly formed Mercury Records where he spent the next 15 years. Initially employed as an arranger and conductor, he progressed to being a producer and was later promoted as head of artists and repertoire. He was particularly successful writing TV jingles for advertising, and became familiar to the American public through his work with The Smothers Brothers, eventually becoming their General Manager.

Arthur Ferrante (1921-2009) and Louis Teicher (1924-2008) decided to form a piano duo when they met as students at the famous Julliard School of Music in New York. They launched their full-time concert career in 1947, and many of their recordings became big sellers. Film themes seemed to suit them particularly well, such as Hugo Friedhofer’s (1901-1981) Love Theme from "One Eyed Jacks".

Percy Faith (1908-1976) hardly needs any introduction to Guild ‘regulars’. Born in Toronto, Canada, in 1940 he moved permanently to the USA where he quickly established himself through radio and recordings. From the 1950s onwards his fame spread internationally, due to the great success of his numerous long playing albums. Unlike most of his contemporaries, Faith arranged all his own material, and his compositions, such as Lisa, confirm his mastery of the light orchestra.

The haunting theme from the 1952 film "Ruby Gentry" is played by the fine orchestra conducted by George Miltiades Melachrino (1909-1965), one of the big names in British light music from the 1940s to the 1960s. Born in London, he became a professional musician, competent on clarinet, alto and tenor saxophone, violin and viola, and he worked with many British dance bands in the 1930s – sometimes as a vocalist. After war service he built an orchestra which became one of the best in the world; when long playing records arrived, Melachrino’s sold in vast quantities, especially in the USA.

Russ Conway (born in Bristol Trevor Herbert Stanford, 1925-2000) was a largely self-taught British pianist who recorded a string of hit records for EMI’s Columbia label in the 1950s. His ‘reward’ was a number of prestigious albums backed by full orchestras, resulting in accomplished performances such as Charles Williams’ (1893-1978) Dream Of Olwen.

Frank Cordell (1918-1980) was a highly regarded English composer, arranger and conductor whose work first became noticed through the tuneful backings he often supplied to some contract singers on HMV singles in the 1950s. Occasionally he was allowed his own 78s, and he was also responsible for several distinctive LPs which quickly became collectors’ items. From one of these we hear Richard Rodgers’ (1902-1979) Nobody’s Heart which originally appeared in the 1942 Broadway musical "By Jupiter".

The 1960 United Artists’ film "The Alamo" was directed by John Wayne, who also starred as Davy Crockett. The main theme became a popular song as The Green Leaves Of Summer, and the version by Billy Vaughn (1919-1991) concentrates more on the drama of the story, rather than the tender moments which have influenced some other arrangers.

Wal-Berg (born Voldemar Rosenberg, 1910-1994) studied at both the Berlin and Paris Conservatories of Music, and for a while during the 1930s he was closely associated with French recordings by Marlene Dietrich. In his later career he made many orchestral recordings which often had a Russian, Austrian and Gypsy feel – this is clearly felt in his atmospheric Fete Circassienne. One of his best-known works is Danse du Diable (Devil’s Dance) which Mantovani conducts on Guild GLCD5181.

The English composer Eric Coates (1886-1957) was widely regarded as ‘the uncrowned King of Light Music’ during the first half of the last century. For much of his life he lived in London, and many of his works portray his love of the city. Mayfair comes from his suite "London Again" which was a sequel to his famous "London Suite" which contained his Knightsbridge march; this is already featured on Guild in versions by the Band of H.M. Grenadier Guards (GLCD5147) and Henry Hall and the BBC Dance Orchestra (GLCD5115). Eric Johnson and his Orchestra perform Mayfair on a rare stereo LP from 1961.

Canadian-born Robert Farnon (1917-2005) is widely regarded as one of the greatest light music composers and arrangers of his generation. His melodies such as Portrait Of A Flirt (on Guild GLCD 5120) and Jumping Bean (GLCD5162) are familiar to millions around the world. Farnon conducts the closing track Away Out West which Victor Young composed for the Mike Todd Todd-AO big screen version of Jules Verne’s "Around The World In Eighty Days" in 1956. Todd died in an air crash eighteen months after the film’s premiere, and composer Victor Young died (on 10 November 1956, aged 56) before he knew that his score had won an Oscar.

David Ades

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GUILD LIGHT MUSIC GLCD5193

The Art Of The Arranger – Volume

1. A Wonderful Guy (from "South Pacific) (Richard Rodgers; Oscar Hammerstein
II, arr. Conrad Salinger)
THE CONRAD SALINGER ORCHESTRA Conducted by BUDDY BREGMAN
Verve MG VS-6012 1958
2 These Foolish Things (Jack Strachey; Eric Maschwitz, arr. Angela Morley)
ANGELA MORLEY AND HER ORCHESTRA (as ‘Wally Stott’)
Philips SBBL 501 1958
3 And This Is My Beloved (Robert Craig Wright; George Forrest, arr. David Rose)
DAVID ROSE AND HIS ORCHESTRA
MGM SE 3895 1961
4 Soliloquy (from "Carousel") (Richard Rodgers, arr. Brian Fahey)
CYRIL ORNADEL AND THE STARLIGHT SYMPHONY
MGM SE 3817 1960
5 Oh, Lady, Be Good (George Gershwin, arr. Rayburn Wright)
FREDERICK FENNELL AND HIS ORCHESTRA
Mercury CMS 18050 1961
6 When You Wish Upon A Star (Leigh Harline; Ned Washington, arr. Annuzio Mantovani)
MANTOVANI AND HIS ORCHESTRA
Decca SKL 4067 1959
7 East Of Fifth (also known as ‘Stateside Stroll’) (Anthony Tamburello, arr. Bruce
Campbell)
ROBERT FARNON AND HIS ORCHESTRA (LP label credits ‘Everest Concert Orchestra Conducted by Derek Boulton’)
Everest SDBR 1018 1958
8 September Song (from "Knickerbocker Holiday") (Kurt Weill; Maxwell Anderson,
arr. Roland Shaw)
MANTOVANI AND HIS ORCHESTRA
Decca SKL 4002 1958
9 Zandunga - Jesusita E Chihuahua (The Dancing Donkey) (Traditional, arr. Percy Faith)
PERCY FAITH AND HIS ORCHESTRA
Columbia CS 8038 1957
10 The London I Love (Harold Purcell; George Posford, arr. Leon Young)
FRANK CHACKSFIELD AND HIS ORCHESTRA
Decca SKL 4057 1958
11 Where Or When (from "Babes In Arms") (Richard Rodgers, arr. Morton Gould)
MORTON GOULD AND HIS ORCHESTRA
RCA Victor LSC-2552 1961
12 The Lincolnshire Poacher (Traditional, arr. Robert Farnon)
ROBERT FARNON AND HIS ORCHESTRA
Decca LF 1123 1953
13 Yesterdays (Jerome Kern, arr. Frank Cordell)
FRANK CORDELL AND HIS ORCHESTRA
HMV CSD 1251 1958
14 A Little White Gardenia (from the film "All The King’s Horses") (Sam Coslow, arr. Ronald Binge)
RONALD BINGE AND HIS ORCHESTRA
RCA LSP 1890 1959
15 Dancing On The Ceiling (Richard Rodgers, arr. Gordon Jenkins)
GORDON JENKINS AND HIS ORCHESTRA, featuring GORDON JENKINS, piano
Decca DL 8077 1954
16 The Paratroopers’ March (original title Marche des Parachutistes) (Pierre Jules Leemans, arr. Ray Martin)
RAY MARTIN AND HIS ORCHESTRA
Polydor 46076 LPHM 195817 If Ever I Would Leave You (from "Camelot") (Alan Jay Lerner; Frederick Loewe, arr. William Hill Bowen)
THE LIVING STRINGS Conducted by WILLIAM HILL BOWEN
RCA Camden 657 1961
18 Ebb Tide (Robert Maxwell, arr. Johnny Douglas)
THE LIVING STRINGS Conducted by JOHNNY DOUGLAS
RCA Camden 639 1960
19 Volveré (Maria Grever, arr. Laurie Johnson)
AMBROSE AND HIS ORCHESTRA WITH STRINGS Conducted by LAURIE JOHNSON
MGM E 3478 1957
20 Romance (Anton Rubinstein, arr. Arthur Wilkinson)
THE MELACHRINO ORCHESTRA Conducted by GEORGE MELACHRINO
HMV DLP 1083 1955
21 Ill Wind (Harold Arlen, arr. Nelson Riddle)
NELSON RIDDLE AND HIS ORCHESTRA
Capitol ST 1571 1961
22 Elizabeth And Essex Love Theme (George Martin, arr. Ron Goodwin)
RON GOODWIN AND HIS ORCHESTRA
Parlophone PCS 3019 1961
23 The British Grenadiers (Traditional, arr. Clive Richardson)
CHARLES WILLIAMS AND HIS CONCERT ORCHESTRA
Columbia DB 3271 1953
24 Scheherazade Themes (Rimsky Korsakov, adapted and arranged by David Carroll)
DAVID CARROLL AND HIS ORCHESTRA
Mercury PPS 6002 1960

Stereo tracks 1-11, 13, 14, 17, 18, 21, 22 & 24; rest in mono.

Guild’s first album dedicated to arrangers (GLCD5188) explained the importance of these often neglected, but very essential, members of the music fraternity. Their special gifts of being able to transform often simple melodies into masterpieces of orchestration are largely taken for granted by the general public. Hopefully this collection will go a small way to give a few of them the recognition they deserve.

First on the music stands this time is (I’m In Love With) A Wonderful Guy - the work of Conrad Salinger (1901-1961). Guild introduced his inventive charts in the "Strings And Things Go Stereo" collection (GLCD5153) when it was explained that Buddy Bregman (b. 1930), A&R Manager of the fledgling Verve Records label, had taken his orchestra into Studio A at Capitol Records on 20 & 21 March 1957 to conduct an album honouring Salinger. Such was Bregman’s esteem for him that he retitled his orchestra ‘The Conrad Salinger Orchestra conducted by Buddy Bregman’ for the LP "Conrad Salinger – A Lovely Afternoon".

Angela Morley (1924-2009) needs no introduction to Guild ‘regulars’. These Foolish Things was arranged while she was still known as ‘Wally Stott’, and it draws on her early days when she played alto sax with bands such as Geraldo. When the strings surge in to join the small group her experience of working with Robert Farnon becomes obvious. In her later career she left England for the USA where she worked on several big budget movies (one example is the "Star Wars" series assisting John Williams), and on TV shows such as "Dallas" and "Dynasty".

London-born David Rose (1910-1990) became one of the truly great light orchestra leaders in the USA, and his compositions such as Holiday For Strings (on Guild GLCD 5189) and The Stripper sold millions. Many of his original compositions have already been reissued on Guild, but this time the spotlight falls on his skill as an arranger. And This Is My Beloved is one of the glorious melodies that Messrs Wright and Forrest ‘borrowed’ from Alexander Borodin (1833-1887) for their hit musical "Kismet".

Oscar Hammerstein II’s lyrics to Soliloquy probably caused many a proud young parent to shed a tear the first time they encountered this touching scene in the musical "Carousel". The father-to-be automatically assumes that his unborn child will be a boy, but then it dawns upon him that he may be mistaken. Richard Rodgers (1902-1979) cleverly captured the change of mood from rumbustious to tender, and the arrangement by Brian Fahey (1919-2007) perfectly captures the mood of this show-stopping moment. Fahey was born in Margate, Kent, but while still in his twenties he spent five years as a Prisoner of War, where he put his early studies on piano and cello to good use by honing his musical skills, especially arranging which became his passion. During the 1950s he worked for London publishers Chappell & Co and Cinephonic Music, providing numerous scores for dance bands, singers and orchestras, mainly for radio broadcasts. For a while he was Shirley Bassey’s musical director and he was also employed by Cyril Ornadel to provide numerous arrangements for a series of LPs by the Starlight Symphony – mainly aimed at the American market, but released around the world. The lush orchestral sounds conjured up by Fahey were miles away from his ‘pop’ numbers such as Fanfare Boogie, which won him an Ivor Novello Award in 1955.

Rayburn Wright (1922-1990) was an American conductor, trombonist and arranger who taught jazz and film scoring at the Eastman School of Music, where Frederick Fennell was also an important presence. He was a trombonist and arranger in the United States Army Band as well as the Tony Pastor and Glenn Miller-Tex Beneke Orchestras. In 1965 he was named co-director of music and conductor of the orchestra at Radio City Music Hall. He also appeared as a guest conductor with the Rochester Philharmonic Orchestra, the Philadelphia Orchestra and the Metropolitan Opera Orchestra. Wright composed film scores for the prize-winning television documentary series "Saga of Western Man." Such was the high esteem in which he was held that the Eastman School of Music established the Rayburn Wright Award in 1989 recognising distinguished students.

In his book "Mantovani – A Lifetime in Music" (Melrose Books 2005) Colin MacKenzie describes Mantovani’s own arrangement of When You Wish Upon A Star as "remarkable…which begins and ends with a descending run from the high strings to the low basses in imitation of a falling star". Although he regularly employed top arrangers such as Cecil Milner (1905-1989), Ronald Binge and Roland Shaw, the maestro occasionally found the time to orchestrate a melody that specially appealed to him. He was also a composer, though few people realised it because he used a variety of pseudonyms, such as ‘Pedro Manilla’, ‘Paul Remy’, ‘Roy Faye’, ‘Leonello Gandino’, ‘Paul Monty’ and ‘Tulio Trapani’. Annunzio Paolo Mantovani (1905-1980) became the conductor of one of the most famous light orchestras from the 1950s onwards. Born in Venice, his family came to England when he was aged four and he was something of a prodigy on the violin by the time he reached sixteen. But he leaned more towards popular music, and fronted many different kinds of ensembles before long-playing records (especially when stereo arrived) brought him worldwide acclaim. Although there is no doubt that he retained a warm affection for the land of his birth, he became a British citizen in 1933.

When Tony Tamburello died in September 1992 at the age of 72 a short report on his passing in the New York Times described him as a pianist and vocal coach. But he also loved to compose tunes like East Of Fifth, but lacked the expertise to arrange for a full orchestra. An ideal choice for this work was Bruce Campbell, one of several writers who owed much to his association with Robert Farnon. He was a fellow Canadian, who actually came to Britain some years before Farnon, and played trombone with various British bands during the 1930s. Towards the end of the 1940s Campbell realised that he possessed some skills as a composer, and Farnon encouraged him and provided some valuable guidance. (East Of Fifth was renamed Stateside Stroll when the music was leased to the Chappell Recorded Music Library).

Mantovani’s Orchestra returns with September Song arranged by Roland Edgar Shaw-Tomkins (better known as Roland Shaw, b. 1920), who Colin MacKenzie reveals in his Mantovani biography was affectionately known as ‘young Roly’ by Monty. Shaw’s long career (usually out of the limelight) involved working with countless stars and orchestras, many of them in the Decca ‘stable’. Colin explains that "when arranging for Mantovani Shaw usually received the newest material containing the dodgier harmonies but managed with his taste and ability to soften the edges. Roland did most of his arranging at night when the phone had stopped ringing, sitting at a piano with a board in front of him, sometimes until 3 am. He went to the recording studios for the sessions and sometimes helped out in the control box, using his scores".

Another Guild favourite is Toronto-born Percy Faith (1908-1976) who moved permanently to the USA in 1940 where he quickly established himself through radio and recordings. From the 1950s onwards his fame spread internationally, due to the great success of his numerous long playing albums. Unlike most of his contemporaries, Faith arranged all his own material, and he had a particular love of Latin American music: his contribution to this CD will be better known to many as The Cactus Polka.

Leon Young (1916-1991) learned the piano with organist and composer Percy Whitlock (1903-1946), and the trombone with the Salvation Army. After war service in the Royal Navy, back in civilian life within two years he was contributing arrangements for Tommy Handley's "ITMA", then the most popular and prestigious show on radio. In 1953 Decca issued two 78s containing two of Leon's most famous and memorable arrangements, Charlie Chaplin's theme from Limelight and Ebb Tide. The label had recently signed up Frank Chacksfield with a 40-piece orchestra comprising a large string section and Leon was approached to provide the arrangements. From one of the many products of this fortuitous partnership we hear The London I Love. Leon would eventually be a regular broadcaster in his own right on the BBC, notably with his ‘String Chorale’.

Morton Gould (1913-1996) became one of the most highly respected American composers and conductors. He generally also arranged the works he conducted in the concert hall and on records (such as Where Or When), and from 1986 to 1994 he held the important position of President of the American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers (ASCAP).

The Canadian composer Robert Joseph Farnon (1917-2005) produced a wealth of light music, and he had a special affection for folk tunes, such as The Lincolnshire Poacher from a collection of music from the British Isles in celebration of the Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II in 1953.

Frank Cordell (1918-1980) was a talented English composer, arranger and conductor, and it is his latter two talents that produce the ethereal version of Yesterdays chosen for this collection.

Today it is well-known that the English musician Ronald Binge (1910-1979) deserves recognition as the talented arranger responsible for creating the distinctive string sound (sometimes called ‘cascading strings’) which made Mantovani famous throughout the world. He was also an accomplished conductor and composer (Elizabethan Serenade on GLCD5162 springs immediately to mind), and his arrangement of A Little White Gardenia comes from one of his LPs aimed at the American market.

Gordon Jenkins(1910-1984) arranged for many of the top bands in America before carving out an impressive career for himself in radio and films. He signed with US Decca in 1945, and eventually became their managing director. Dancing On The Ceiling comes from that period of his career. When he later moved to Capitol he created some fine arrangements for Nat ‘King’ Cole and Frank Sinatra.

Viennese Raymond Stuart Martin (1918-1988) was born Raymond Wolfgang Kohn, but after he fled from the Nazis and settled in England before the outbreak of World War 2 he chose to be known as ‘Ray Martin’. He became one of the biggest names in British popular music during the 1950s, and The Paratroopers’ March comes from one of several LPs he arranged and conducted for the German label Polydor.

The Living Strings make a welcome return to Guild in the next two tracks, with performances arranged and conducted by two top English musicians. William Hill-Bowen (1918-1964) takes to the podium first for If Ever I Would Leave You, closely followed by Johnny Douglas (1920-2003) for a memorable version of Ebb Tide.

Laurie Johnson (b.1927) has been a leading figure on the British entertainment scene for 50 years. A gifted arranger and composer, Laurie has contributed to films, musical theatre, radio, television and records, with his music used in many well-known productions such as "The Avengers" and "The Professionals". Early in his career he was asked by MGM to make a series of recordings as conductor and arranger, but at the time the bandleader Ambrose was still well-known, so it was his name that appeared on the labels. Volveré was included on an LP of Latin-American melodies.

Arthur Harold Wilkinson (1919-1968) was a British musician who began composing while serving in the Royal Air Force during World War II. Back in civilian life he became known through his work as a composer and arranger for radio, television and films, and he was commissioned to write the music which opened the daily broadcasts from the UK’s Tyne Tees Television station – he called it Three Rivers Fantasy. From his arrangements for George Melachrino (1909-1965) we have selected Rubinstein’s charming Romance.

Nelson Riddle (1921-1985) was a trombonist during his early career, which could explain why that particular instrument was featured in some of his most inventive arrangements for Frank Sinatra. Riddle’s scores also enhanced the recording careers of many top stars, from Nat ‘King’ Cole and Dean Martin to Judy Garland and Peggy Lee. Fortunately for us he made a few instrumental albums on his own, and Ill Wind showcases his scoring for strings.

Ronald (Ron) Alfred Goodwin(1925-2003) was a brilliant British composer, arranger and conductor, who excelled in the spheres of recording, broadcasting and films. Elizabeth And Essex Love Theme was originally written for a projected LP which was intended to contrast the two Elizabethan periods in British history. The LP never materialised, but the gently lilting love theme by George Martin (yes, the same man who recorded The Beatles) deserved to be heard, so Ron Goodwin included it on his "Serenade" album.

Clive Richardson (1909-1998) was best-known as a pianist during his early career, but working on many pre-war British films (usually without any credit on-screen) honed his talents as an arranger and composer. He seems to have enjoyed making amusing versions of popular traditional tunes, such as The British Grenadiers.

The final track is courtesy of David Carroll (1913-2008) – real name Rodell Walter ‘Nook’ Schreier – who was well-known in his native USA as a conductor and arranger. In the mid-1940s he joined the newly formed Mercury Records where he spent the next 15 years. Initially employed as an arranger and conductor, he progressed to being a producer and was later promoted as head of artists and repertoire. Guild recently reissued his version of Dance Of The Slave Maidens (GLCD5189), and the requests for more from the same collection are answered here with the haunting music that Rimsky-Korsakov (1844-1908) created for Scheherazade.

David Ades

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GUILD LIGHT MUSIC GLCD5194

Nature’s Realm

1 Thunder And Lightning Polka (Johann Strauss, arr. Sidney Torch)
SIDNEY TORCH AND HIS ORCHESTRA
Parlophone R 3488 1952
2 Stormy Weather (Harold Arlen, arr. Morton Gould)
MORTON GOULD AND HIS ORCHESTRA
RCA Victor LSC-2552 1961
3 Misty Valley (Peter Yorke)
FRANK CHACKSFIELD AND HIS ORCHESTRA
Decca F 10315 1954
4 Tango In The Rain (Lotar Leonard Olias)
RAY MARTIN AND HIS CONCERT ORCHESTRA
Columbia 45-DB 3895 1957
5 Over The Hills And Far Away (Frederic Curzon)
NEW CONCERT ORCHESTRA Conducted by DOLF VAN DER LINDEN (as ‘Nat Nyll’ on disc label)
Boosey & Hawkes O 2290 1957
6 Whistle Down The Wind (Theme music from the film) (Malcolm Arnold)
THE WAYFARERS
Decca 45-F 11370 1961
7 Meadow Mist (Trevor Duncan, real name Leonard Charles Trebilco)
NEW CONCERT ORCHESTRA Conducted by DOLF VAN DER LINDEN (as ‘Nat Nyll’)
Boosey & Hawkes OT2340 1959
8 The Whirlpool Theme (from the film "Whirlpool") (Ron Goodwin)
RON GOODWIN AND HIS CONCERT ORCHESTRA
Parlophone 45-R 4537 1959
9 Saga Of The Seven Seas (Clive Richardson)
THE SYMPHONIA ORCHESTRA Conducted by CURT ANDERSEN
Charles Brull/Harmonic CBL 438 1959
10 Summer Skies (Leroy Anderson)
EASTMAN-ROCHESTER "POPS" ORCHESTRA Conducted by FREDERICK FENNELL
Mercury AMS16037 1960
11 Wandering The King’s Highway (Leslie Coward)
DANISH STATE RADIO ORCHESTRA Conducted by ROBERT FARNON (as ‘Melodi Light Orchestra Conducted by Ole Jensen’ on disc label)
Chappell C 509 1955
12 Softly As In A Morning Sunrise (from "The New Moon") (Sigmund Romberg, arr.
William Hill Bowen)
THE MELACHRINO ORCHESTRA Conducted by GEORGE MELACHRINO
RCA SF 5063 1960
13 Fireflies (Peter Yorke)
QUEEN’S HALL LIGHT ORCHESTRA Conducted by SIDNEY TORCH
Chappell C 338 1948
14 September In The Rain (Al Dubin; Harry Warren, arr. Ronald Binge)
RONALD BINGE AND HIS ORCHESTRA
Decca F 10410 1954
15 Blue Is The Night (Percy Faith)
PERCY FAITH AND HIS ORCHESTRA
Columbia CS 8360 1961
16 Whirlwind (Eric Spear)
QUEEN’S HALL LIGHT ORCHESTRA Conducted by CHARLES WILLIAMS
Chappell C 286 1946
17 Countrywide (Anthony Mawer)
HILVERSUM RADIO ORCHESTRA Conducted by HUGH GRANVILLE
De Wolfe DW 2678 1961
18 Tonnerre Sur La Louisiane (Thunder In Louisiana) (Gérard Calvi, real name
Grégoire Elie Krettly)
GÉRARD CALVI AND HIS ORCHESTRA
Pye NPL 28003 1958
19 Twilight On Las Pampas (Dominico Savino)
RICHARD HAYMAN AND HIS ORCHESTRA
Mercury SR60103 1959
20 Headland Country (Robert Farnon)
QUEEN’S HALL LIGHT ORCHESTRA Conducted by ROBERT FARNON
Chappell C 652 1959
21 Trotting Class (Bruce Campbell)
DOLF VAN DER LINDEN AND HIS ORCHESTRA (as ‘Paul Franklin’)
Paxton PR 679 1957
22 Landscape (Paysages) (Roger Roger)
ROGER ROGER AND HIS CHAMPS ELYSEES ORCHESTRA
Chappell C 517 1955
23 The Mad Mountain Ride (George Trevare)
QUEEN’S HALL LIGHT ORCHESTRA Conducted by SIDNEY TORCH
Chappell C 377 1950
24 Spring Idyll (Cyril Watters)
NEW CONCERT ORCHESTRA Conducted by CEDRIC DUMONT
Boosey & Hawkes O 2306 1957
25 Sunrise (from "Grand Canyon" Suite) (Ferde Grofé)
HOLLYWOOD BOWL SYMPHONY ORCHESTRA Conducted by FELIX SLATKIN
Capitol SP 8347 1956

Stereo tracks 2, 10, 12, 15, 19 & 25; rest in mono

Initially this collection of Light Music was intended to reflect the scenic beauty of our world, but it soon became apparent that composers often took a different view – the opening track is a good example. Sometimes the word ‘nature’ means anything about our planet which is non-human, so this automatically encompasses the animal world, in all its myriad of forms. In total this offers many opportunities for composers to give their creative juices full rein, which explains why "Nature’s Realm" is certainly much more varied, and hopefully exciting, than the sequence of serene melodies which the album’s title originally suggested.

Johann Strauss II (1825-1899) conditioned his nineteenth-century audiences to expect charming waltzes, so it must have come as quite a shock to them when they saw Unter Donner und Blitz on the programme for the first time in 1868. Somehow the familiar English title Thunder and Lightning sounds less dramatic, but arrangers and orchestras ever since that first performance over 140 years ago have managed to create a big impact with Strauss’s Opus 324. The arrangement by Sidney Torch, MBE (born Sidney Torchinsky 1908-1990) avoids the percussive excesses of some versions, while still retaining the excitement of one of the most famous works of the ‘Waltz King’.

From thunder and lightning it is a natural progression to the accompanying storm, and probably the most famous piece of music that conjures up the sultry conditions that often lead to a storm’s climax was composed by Harold Arlen (born Hyman Arluck, 1905-1986). Stormy Weather is said to have been co-written with Ted Koehler at a party in 1933. Whether or not this is strictly true, there is no doubt that the weather exerted a benign influence on Arlen, who composed Over The Rainbow for "The Wizard of Oz" in 1939, even though the song almost ended up on the proverbial cutting-room floor. Our version of Stormy Weather, arranged and conducted by Morton Gould (1913-1996), bears all the hallmarks of quality to be expected from one of America’s most honoured musicians.

Peter Yorke (1902-1966) provides two compositions for this collection. It seems likely that Frank Chacksfield (1914-1995) recorded his Misty Valley in 1954 hoping that it might emulate the success of his big hit Ebb Tide a year earlier. Later we hear Fireflies, a catchy number Peter wrote for the Chappell Recorded Music Library.

Viennese Raymond Stuart Martin (1918-1988) was born Raymond Wolfgang Kohn, but after he fled from the Nazis and settled in England before the outbreak of World War 2 he chose to be known as ‘Ray Martin’. He became one of the biggest names in British popular music during the 1950s, and many of his own instrumental recordings were either waltzes or tangos. Tango In The Rain is by the prolific German composer Lotar Leonard Olias (1913-1990).

LondonerFrederic Curzon (1899-1973) devoted his early career to working in the theatre and like so many of his contemporaries he gradually became involved in providing music for silent films. As well as being a fine pianist and a conductor, he also played the organ, and his first big success as a composer was his "Robin Hood Suite" in 1937 from which comes March Of The Bowmen on Guild GLCD5106. This encouraged him to devote more of his time to writing and broadcasting, and several of his works have become light music ‘standards’, notably The Boulevardier (GLCD5177), Dance of an Ostracised Imp and the miniature overture Punchinello. He was eventually appointed Head of Light Music at London publishers Boosey and Hawkes, and for a while was also President of the Light Music Society. He wrote a large amount of ‘mood music’ himself – his setting of Over The Hills And Far Away being a typical example of his style.

Before he gained recognition for his more serious music, Sir Malcolm Arnold, CBE (1921-2006) was much in demand as a film composer. His most famous work was on "The Bridge On The River Kwai" (1957) but he seemed equally at home on small budget British movies, such as "Whistle Down The Wind". Mystery surrounds the performers of the title music, The Wayfarers, with some writers suggesting that the similarity to the film soundtrack could point to Arnold himself conducting a small group of musicians for the Decca recording.

Regular collectors of this Guild series of CDs will already be familiar with the music of Trevor Duncan (real name Leonard Charles Trebilco, 1924-2005). His beautifully crafted compositions continue to appear on new CDs, and this time it is his dreamy pastoral tone poem Meadow Mist that enhances this collection. He was working as a BBC sound engineer in the late 1940s when one of his first compositions, High Heels (on Guild GLCD 5124) made the light music world sit up and take notice. Eventually his successful and prolific output mushroomed to such an extent that he had to give up his ‘day job’ at the BBC, and also find several different publishers simply because he was writing too much for just one to handle.

Ronald (Ron) Alfred Goodwin(1925-2003) was a brilliant British composer, arranger and conductor, whose tuneful music reached the furthest corners of the world. As he gained recognition for his original compositions he became in demand for film scores, and one of his earliest major commissions was "Whirlpool" in 1959, from which we hear the main theme.

Clive Richardson (1909-1998) was best-known as a pianist during his early career, but working on many pre-war British films (usually without any credit on-screen) honed his talents as an arranger and composer. His London Fantasia (on Guild GLCD5120) was widely praised, and thereafter his work was regularly commissioned by many leading publishers – Saga Of The Seven Seas being a good example of his penchant for melodies with a nautical theme.

Leroy Anderson(1908-1975) is probably the best-loved American light music composer of his generation. For many years he was the chief arranger for the Boston Pops, and its famous conductor, Arthur Fiedler, introduced many Anderson novelties to an appreciative world. He was so prolific that some of his numbers have tended to become overlooked, such as the tender Summer Skies.

Wandering The King’s Highway, which appears to have beencomposed in the 1930s by Leslie Coward, owed much of its popularity to the recording by the famous Australian bass-baritone, Peter Dawson (1882-1961).

Sigmund Romberg (born Siegmund Rosenberg, 1887-1951) excelled at writing operettas – that once popular mainstay of the music scene that is now almost forgotten. "The New Moon" in 1928 contained two numbers which have become standards, partly through their unlikely attraction to jazz musicians – Lover Come Back To Me and Softly As In A Morning Sunrise. The latter receives a mystical arrangement by William Hill Bowen (1918-1964) for the famous British orchestra conducted by George Melachrino (1909-1965).

The American popular and operatic singer James Melton (1904-1961) introduced September In The Rain in the 1937 movie "Melody For Two". Our version is arranged and conducted by Ronald Binge (1910-1979), destined to remain forever remembered as the gifted arranger who designed the ‘cascading strings’ effect for Mantovani, but his true achievements deserve far greater recognition.

Percy Faith (1908-1976) hardly needs any introduction to Guild ‘regulars’. Born in Toronto, Canada, in 1940 he moved permanently to the USA where he quickly established himself through radio and recordings. From the 1950s onwards his fame spread internationally, due to the great success of his numerous long playing albums. Unlike most of his contemporaries, Faith arranged all his own material, and his compositions such as Blue Is The Night confirm his mastery of the light orchestra.

The composer of Whirlwind, Eric Spear (1908-1966), will forever be associated with the theme for the TV series "Coronation Street", but this was only one of many light music works he wrote. Midnight Blue, on a Ron Goodwin (1925-2003) 78, was included on Guild GLCD 5111, and his other works reissued on Guild include Proud As A Peacock (GLCD5160) and Stratosphere (GLCD5183).

In 1955 the English composer Anthony Mawer (1930-1999) started contributing occasional mood music pieces to London publishers De Wolfe, before joining the staff in 1959, where he remained until 1965. During this period he composed almost 500 titles exclusively for them, and Countrywide is just one of many delightful melodies he has created – this is his fifth to reach a wider audience through Guild.

Gérard Calvi (real name Grégoire Elie Krettly, born 1922) first came to the attention of the public in his native France when he contributed the music in 1948 to a show called "Les Branquignols", with Robert Dhéry adding witty lyrics to his quirky melodies. The following year he composed the score for "La Patronne", launching a career in mainly European films that would continue for the rest of the 20th Century. By far his best known cinematic work was for the "Asterix" films, but Calvi was equally at home in the theatre and recording studios, and writing popular songs – over 300 in total. Probably his most successful composition internationally was One Of Those Songs - thanks to Will Holt adding the English lyric to a catchy orchestral piece called Le Bal de Madame de Mortemouille (on Guild GLCD5160). Tonnerre Sur La Louisiane is his seventh composition to date included on a Guild CD.

Richard (Warren Joseph) Hayman (b. 1920) started at the age of 18 as a harmonica player in Borrah Minevitch’s Harmonica Rascals, but he wisely decided to concentrate more on arranging and conducting. He worked on the MGM musical "Meet Me In St. Louis" and was put under contract by Mercury Records in 1950, for whom he made many singles and albums, the best-seller being his version of Ruby from the film "Ruby Gentry". Over a period of more than 30 years he also arranged for the Boston Pops, serving as back-up conductor for Arthur Fiedler. An established Guild favourite (this is his 23rd appearance), on GLCD5191 he conducted Corrida by Dominico Savino (1882-1973), and this time he features the same composer’s sultry Twilight On Las Pampas.

The Canadian composer Robert Joseph Farnon (1917-2005) produced such a wealth of light music, that it is hardly surprising that some of his catchy numbers are still unknown to many people. Such a piece is Headland Country, and it would be surprising if he didn’t have his beautiful homeland in mind when he composed it.

Bruce Campbell was one of several writers who owed much to his association with Robert Farnon. He was a fellow Canadian, who actually came to Britain some years before Farnon, and played trombone with various British bands during the 1930s including Ambrose, Jack Harris, Jack Hylton, Sid Millward, Hugo Rignold and Lew Stone. Campbell assisted Farnon on his post-war BBC radio shows, and eventually became a frequent contributor to various mood music libraries. Trotting Class was written for the Paxton Mood Music Library, and it joins eight of his own works already on Guild.

The French composer/conductor Roger Roger (1911-1995) is also a prolific contributor to Guild ‘Golden Age of Light Music’ collections – 14 so far, and still counting. Paysages (Landscape) was one of his many titles that reached a world-wide audience, thanks to the Chappell Recorded Music Library.

The composer of The Mad Mountain Ride was George Trevare, who is mentioned on the internet working as a trombonist and arranger with the ABC Dance Band in Sydney from 1936. There are also references to him producing an Australian television series from 1961 to 1974 "The Magic of Music" which featured Eric Jupp (1922-2003).

Although not as well-known as most of the other composers on this CD, Henry Cyril Watters (1907-1984) was highly respected by music publishers, with his work readily accepted for its unfailing high standards. At times he was employed as a staff arranger by Boosey & Hawkes and Chappell, and he generously devoted some of his energies in running the Light Music Society for the benefit of his fellow musicians. He achieved a minor hit with his Willow Waltz (on GLCD5189)when it was used as a television theme, and his beautiful Spring Idyll is his ninth composition now receiving a fully deserved commercial release on Guild.

New Yorker Ferde, or Ferdie Grofé (born Ferdinand Rudolph von Grofé, 1892-1972) became known in his native USA during the 1920s, partly through his piano playing with the famous Paul Whiteman (1890-1967) Orchestra. He created hundreds of arrangements of popular tunes for the band, the most memorable being Rhapsody In Blue by George Gershwin (1898-1937). Possibly Grofé’s own most remembered work was his "Grand Canyon Suite", composed in 1931. The opening movement Sunrise provides a suitably dramatic conclusion to this collection.

David Ades

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GUILD LIGHT MUSIC GLCD5189

Holidays For Strings

1 Belle Of The Ball (Leroy Anderson)
LEROY ANDERSON AND HIS ORCHESTRA
Decca DL 78954 1959
2 Beyond The Blue Horizon (from the film "Monte Carlo") (Richard Whiting; W. Franke Harling)
JACK SHAINDLIN AND HIS ORCHESTRA
Brunswick STA 3055 1961
3 Love Is Sweeping The Country (George Gershwin)
FREDERICK FENNELL AND HIS ORCHESTRA
Mercury CMS 18050 1961
4 Dance Of The Slave Maidens (also known as ‘Stranger In Paradise’) (from "Prince Igor")
(Borodin, arr. David Carroll)
DAVID CARROLL AND HIS ORCHESTRA
Mercury CMS 18045 1961
5 Thanks For The Memory (Leo Robin; Ralph Rainger)
GEOFF LOVE AND HIS CONCERT ORCHESTRA
Columbia SCX 3527 1958
6 Serenade To Double Scotch (George Martin)
RON GOODWIN AND HIS ORCHESTRA
Parlophone PCS 3019 1961
7 Gigi (Theme from the film) (Alan Jay Lerner; Frederick Loewe)
THE MELACHRINO STRINGS Conducted by GEORGE MELACHRINO
RCA Victor LSP 2412 1961
8 Cumana (Barclay Allen; Roc Hillman)
THE CLEBANOFF STRINGS AND PERCUSSION
Mercury CMS 18053 1961
9 The Willow Waltz (Cyril Watters)
NEW CONCERT ORCHESTRA Conducted by MONIA LITER (as ‘Paul Hamilton’)
Boosey & Hawkes O 2381 1960
10 Perfidia (Alberto Borras Dominguez)
XAVIER CUGAT AND HIS ORCHESTRA
Mercury PPS 2003 1961
11 Bouquet (Percy Faith)
PERCY FAITH AND HIS ORCHESTRA
Philips SBBL 615 1961
12 The Most Beautiful Girl In The World (Richard Rodgers; Lorenz Hart, arr. William Hill Bowen)
THE LIVING STRINGS Conducted by HILL BOWEN
RCA Camden CAS 637 1960
13 Adios (Enric Madriguera; Eddie Woods, arr. Geoff Love)
MANUEL AND THE MUSIC OF THE MOUNTAINS (‘Manuel’ is GEOFF LOVE)
Columbia SCX 3402 1961
14 Then You May Take Me To The Fair (from "Camelot") (Alan Jay Lerner; Frederick Loewe, arr. Brian Fahey)
CYRIL ORNADEL AND THE STARLIGHT SYMPHONY
MGM SE 3916 1961
15 Time Waits For No One (Cliff Friend; Charles Tobias)
REG OWEN AND HIS ORCHESTRA
RCA LPM 1908 1959
16 Spending Spree (Andy Thurlow, real name Harry Rabinowitz)
DOLF VAN DER LINDEN AND HIS ORCHESTRA (‘Paul Franklin’ on disc label)
Paxton PR 681 1957
17 Nurseryland (Angela Morley, as ‘Walter Stott’)
TELECAST ORCHESTRA Conducted by ANGELA MORLEY (‘Walter Stott’ on disc label)
Chappell C 699 1961
18 On The Loose (Pat Beaver; Tony King)
THE WESTWAY STUDIO ORCHESTRA
Southern MQ 506 1960
"The Rebel" – Music from the film (Frank Cordell)
19 Main Title Theme
20 Oo-La-La
FRANK CORDELL AND HIS ORCHESTRA
HMV 45-POP 852 1961
21 Vanessa (Bernie Wayne, real name Bernard Weitzner)
CHARLES WILLIAMS AND HIS CONCERT ORCHESTRA
Columbia DB 3167 1952
22 Faraway Music (Steve Race)
STEVE RACE AND HIS ORCHESTRA
Parlophone 45-R 4840 1961
23 The Singer Not The Song – Theme from the Film (Philip Green)
THE KNIGHTSBRIDGE STRINGS Conducted by PHILIP GREEN
Top Rank International JAR 532 1961
24 Strolling Home (Robert Farnon)
STRING ENSEMBLE Conducted by ROBERT FARNON
Chappell C 707 1961
25 Periwinkle (Frank Sterling, real names Stuart Crombie; Dennis Berry)
THE WESTWAY STUDIO ORCHESTRA Conducted by KING PALMER
Southern MQ 519 1961
26 Jeunesse (Anthony Mawer)
HILVERSUM RADIO ORCHESTRA Conducted by HUGO DE GROOT
De Wolfe DW 2676 1961
27 Romance In The Breeze (Edward White)
THE BOSWORTH ORCHESTRA
Bosworth BCV 1353 1961
28 Holiday For Strings (David Rose)
DAVID ROSE AND HIS ORCHESTRA
MGM SE 3748 1959

Stereo: 1-14 & 28; rest in mono

Two superb composer/conductors open and close this collection dedicated to the strings of the orchestra – although the other fine instruments are not exactly ignored! Leroy Anderson filled the airwaves of the 1950s with a succession of pleasing melodies that soon became firm favourites. And David Rose is widely credited as the man who injected short, bright pieces of instrumental music with an infectious string sound in the 1940s that would be emulated by many musicians during the following decades. Both have earned their place in Light Music’s Hall of Fame, but a glance through the list of numbers on this CD confirms that they were not alone in creating the pleasing sounds that once appealed to the majority of music lovers.

Although there were a number of popular conductors in the USA during the middle years of the last century, Leroy Anderson (1908-1975) is probably the best-loved American light music composer of his generation. For many years he was the chief arranger for the Boston Pops, and its famous conductor Arthur Fiedler introduced many Anderson novelties to an appreciative world. Several have already appeared on Guild CDs, and this time it is the turn of Belle Of The Ball which first delighted listeners when the composer’s own mono recording was released in 1951. Fortunately for posterity he made a new recording several years later when stereo arrived.

Beyond The Blue Horizon introduces Jack Shaindlin (1909-1978) to a Guild CD for the first time, but it should be noted that he was a big name in American music circles for most of his life. From his humble origins in the Crimea, Ukraine, he moved to America as a young boy after winning a music scholarship in Russia. He worked as a pianist for silent films, and his career eventually embraced composing, arranging and conducting (in the late 1940s he was musical director of the Carnegie Pops Orchestra). His music was used extensively in films and television, ranging from documentaries to cartoons. He was musical director of the March of Time newsreels which became a part of US culture.

Another Guild ‘newcomer’ from the USA is Frederick Fennell (1914-2004), who gained an international reputation as a conductor. He tended to specialise in wind bands, notably the Eastman Rochester Wind Ensemble, which he was reputed to have devised in 1952 when recovering from hepatitis. But his wide experience during his long life (he died aged 90) allowed him to participate successfully in many areas of the music scene, and Love Is Sweeping The Country is a delightfully feel-good version of one of the lesser known tunes from the songbook of George Gershwin (1898-1937).

David Carroll (1913-2008) – real name Rodell Walter ‘Nook’ Schreier – was well-known in his native USA as a conductor and arranger. In the mid-1940s he joined the newly formed Mercury Records where he spent the next 15 years. Initially employed as an arranger and conductor, he progressed to being a producer and was later promoted as head of artists and repertoire. His track in this collection (after ‘Kismet’ it became best known to the world as Stranger In Paradise) illustrates his versatility. He was particularly successful writing TV jingles for advertising, and became familiar to the public through his work with The Smothers Brothers, eventually becoming their General Manager.

The pendulum swings across the Atlantic to Britain for three of the top recording orchestras of the post-war years. Geoff Love (1917-1991) enjoyed a long musical career. He was accomplished in all aspects of music and was successful as a musical director, composer and arranger. He was a well-known personality in the 'easy-listening' music world, gaining international fame through his ‘Manuel’ alter-ego, under which guise he returns later conducting Adios.

Ron Goodwin (1925-2003) rose to prominence in Britain during the 1950s through a series of recordings that revealed a fresh and vibrant style of light music that greatly appealed to the public. Serenade To Double Scotch was penned by Goodwin’s recording manager George Martin (b. 1926), who also looked after The Beatles for Parlophone.

George Miltiades Melachrino (1909-1965) was one of the big names in British light music from the 1940s to the 1960s. Born in London, he became a professional musician, competent on clarinet, alto and tenor saxophone, violin and viola, and he worked with many British dance bands in the 1930s. After war service he built an orchestra which became of the finest in the world; when long playing records arrived, Melachrino’s sold in vast quantities, especially in the USA.

Chicago-born Herman Clebanoff (1917-2004) had a sound education in classical music and was an experienced violinist and concertmaster before he was 20. Usually just known as ‘Clebanoff’, he had a long association with NBC, and from 1945 he spent the next ten years as concertmaster of their Chicago-based orchestra, playing a wide repertoire from the classics to popular tunes.

Cyril Watters (1907-1984) was highly respected by many music publishers, and from 1953 to 1961 he was chief arranger with Boosey & Hawkes, often providing appealing arrangements for melodies supplied by other composers who were either too busy, or insufficiently skilled, to orchestrate their own creations. His compositions were accepted by several different publishers, but Boosey & Hawkes had the honour of introducing his most successful composition to the world – the sensuous Willow Waltz which created quite a stir in Britain when used as the theme for ‘The World of Tim Frazer’ on BBC Television in 1960. The orchestra is conducted by Monia Liter (1906-1988) who at the time was running the Recorded Music Library at B&H. Born in Odessa, he left his homeland following the 1917 Russian revolution, working as a pianist in a cinema orchestra in China. From there he moved on to many varied jobs in the Far East, finally ending up in Singapore where he spent seven years leading a dance band at the prestigious Raffles Hotel. While in Singapore he became a naturalised British subject, and came to Britain in 1933 where he worked with many of the top bands, including the famous vocalist Al Bowlly. In 1941 he joined the BBC as a composer, conductor and arranger, initially with the Twentieth Century Serenaders. After 10 years at the BBC, he left them to concentrate on concert work and composing.

Xavier Cugat (1900-1990) was a Spanish born bandleader who spent his formative years in Havana, but achieved fame in the USA. He provided the resident orchestra at New York’s Waldorf-Astoria before and after the Second World War, and he was also a cartoonist and successful businessman. His four marriages provided fodder for gossip columnists, but his lasting legacy is appearances in several Hollywood films and many fine recordings of Latin American music.

Percy Faith (1908-1976) hardly needs any introduction to Guild ‘regulars’. Born in Toronto, Canada, in 1940 he moved permanently to the USA where he quickly established himself through radio and recordings. From the 1950s onwards his fame spread internationally, due to the great success of his numerous long playing albums. Unlike most of his contemporaries, Faith arranged all his own material, and his composition Bouquet is a perfect example of the heights which orchestral music attained around 50 years ago.

William Hill-Bowen (1918-1964) was George Melachrino’s right-hand man in the years immediately following World War 2, often appearing on piano but, perhaps, more importantly as a brilliant arranger who managed to recreate his master’s famous style to perfection. Later as simply ‘Hill-Bowen’ he was to receive due recognition for his talents, partly thanks to a series of LPs commissioned by RCA.

From the late 1950s onwards Cyril Ornadel (1924-2011)) made many fine orchestral albums with his ‘Starlight Symphony’, aimed primarily at the American market. His regular arranger was Brian Fahey (1919-2007), well-known in Britain as a musical director, arranger and composer. Their contribution is a catchy tune from ‘Camelot’ that seems to have been forgotten.

Reg Owen (born George Owen Smith, 1921-1978) studied at the Royal College of Music in London. Following RAF service he became arranger for the Ted Heath orchestra from 1945, then arranged for other conductors including Cyril Stapleton.

Dolf van der Linden (real name David Gysbert van der Linden, 1915-1999) was the leading figure on the light music scene in the Netherlands from the 1940s until the 1980s. As well as broadcasting frequently with his Metropole Orchestra, he was regularly commissioned by the background music libraries of leading London music publishers to conduct their new works. He also made transcription recordings for Dutch radio and other companies. His commercial recordings (especially for the American market) were often labelled as ‘Van Lynn’ or ‘Daniel De Carlo’. Spending Spree comes from the pen of South African Harry Rabinowitz (b. 1916) who became well-known in Britain from his work in radio and television.

During the 1950s Angela Morley (1924-2009, at the time working as ‘Wally Stott’) composed many light pieces for Chappell & Co., the leading London publishers of background music. Nurseryland is typical of the pleasing, tuneful pieces that became her trademark.

On The Loose introduces us to a rare composition co-written by Pat (Patrick) Beaver, one of the sons of Jack Beaver (1900-1963) who was a leading figure in British production music circles for many years.

Frank Cordell (1918-1980) was a fine English composer, arranger and conductor whose work first became noticed through the tuneful backings he often supplied to some contract singers on HMV singles in the 1950s. Occasionally he was allowed his own 78s, and he was also responsible for several distinctive LPs which quickly became collectors’ items. The cinema beckoned with some prestigious projects and he was nominated for an Oscar for his work on "Cromwell" (1970). One of his early commissions for the big screen was "The Rebel" (1960) starring Tony Hancock (1924-1968) who was the top British comedian of his era, with millions adoring his radio and television shows. Like some other comedians before and since, he did not find it easy to translate his humour to the cinema, but "The Rebel" still contains many priceless moments, especially when he ‘spars’ with his landlady Irene Handl. Cordell’s score was superb, which HMV issued on both sides of a 45. From time to time Frank Cordell contributed to publishers’ production music libraries, and also composed (and conducted) under the name Francis Meillear (or Meilleur).

The American composer Bernie Wayne (born Bernard Weitzner 1919-1993) is best known at home for his "Miss America" Beauty Pageant theme, and the hit song Blue Velvet. His string of instrumental successes became popular worldwide, and included Port-au-Prince (GLCD5130) and Veradero (GLCD5111). Vanessa was also widely recorded by the top orchestras, and we have selected the Charles Williams (1893-1978) version for this CD.

Steve Race (1921-2009) first became noticed as a pianist and arranger with many top British bands of the post-war years, and he was a prolific contributor to production music libraries. His wide-ranging career also embraced conducting for many TV shows, and he was a popular compere of panel games and music programmes.

Philip Green (born Harry Philip Green 1911-1982) began his professional career at the age of eighteen playing in various orchestras. Within a year he became London’s youngest West End conductor at the Prince of Wales Theatre. His long recording career began with EMI in 1933, and he is credited with at least 150 film scores, including "The Singer Not The Song" (1960).

During his long career (from the mid-1930s to the 21st Century) the Canadian composer Robert Farnon (1917-2005) became involved with many kinds of music, from the classics to jazz. Although his forte was undoubtedly in light music circles, Strolling Home finds him very much at ease with the melodic opportunities on offer from the small ensemble he conducted for the Chappell Recorded Music Library back in 1961.

The next three pieces from production music libraries are by composers who made significant contributions to this area of the music business. In particular Dennis Alfred Berry (1921-1994) who worked, at various times, for Francis, Day & Hunter, Boosey & Hawkes, Paxton and Southern; Anthony Mawer (1930-1999) who was a staff composer at De Wolfe from 1955 to 1965; and Edward White (1910-1994) the creator of two light music ‘standards’ – Runaway Rocking Horse (on Guild GLCD5102)and Puffin’ Billy (GLCD5101) as well as many other appealing melodies.

The final number in this collection features the talented musician whose famous composition, while still a young man, would ensure him lasting fame for the rest of his life. David Rose (1910-1990) created a unique string sound with his Holiday For Strings in the early 1940s that would inspire many fellow composers for years to follow. From time to time he made subtle changes in the orchestration, and during the 1950s he decided to extend and rework his best-known (at the time – The Stripper came a little later) melody, without spoiling its original ‘feel good factor’. It’s incredible to think that dots on a music manuscript could give so much pleasure to so many people for so long!

David Ades

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GUILD LIGHT MUSIC GLCD5190

Continental Flavour – Volume 2

1 City Movement (Roger Roger)
ROGER ROGER AND HIS CHAMPS ELYSEES ORCHESTRA
Chappell C 696 1961
2 Simonetta (Belle Fenstock; Irving Caesar)
WERNER MÜLLER AND HIS ORCHESTRA
Polydor BM 6021 1956
3 So Wird’s Nie Wieder Sein(How It’s Never Going To Be)(Gerhard Winkler; Bruno Balz)
HANS GEORG ARLT AND HIS ORCHESTRA
Ariola 71231 1959
4 La Polka Des Menottes (Polka Of The Handcuffed Men) (Gérard Calvi, real name Grégoire Elie Krettly)
GÉRARD CALVI AND HIS ORCHESTRA
Pye NPL 28003 1958
5 Das Karussell, Das Dreht Sich Immer Rundherum (The Carousel Goes Round And Round) (Michael Jary; Hans Fritz Beckmann)
HANS GEORG ARLT AND HIS ORCHESTRA
Ariola 32721 1958
6 Champagne (Franck Pourcel)
FRANCK POURCEL AND HIS ORCHESTRA
Capitol T 10229 1960
7 Paris Palace Hotel (Paul Jules Durand)
HELMUT ZACHARIAS AND HIS MAGIC VIOLINS
Polydor 20742 1957
8 Tu T’Fous De Moi (Are You Kidding Me?) (André Varel; pseudonym of André Tubiana and Charles Bailly)
EMILE NOBLOT AND HIS ORCHESTRA
Odéon SOE 3181 1956
9 Toy Trumpet (Raymond Scott)
EGON KJERRMAN AND HIS ORCHESTRA
Decca SDE 7134 1958
10 Parade Of The Elves (Heinzelmännchens Wachtparade, a.k.a.Tomtarnas Vaktparad)
(Kurt Noack)
EGON KJERRMAN AND HIS ORCHESTRA
Decca SDE 7134 1958
11 Teddy Bears’ Picnic (John W. Bratton)
TEDDY PETERSEN AND HIS ORCHESTRA
Polydor 20394 EPH 1958
12 Les Demons De La Nuit (The Devils Of The Night) (Gérard Calvi, real name Grégoire
Elie Krettly)
GÉRARD CALVI AND HIS ORCHESTRA
Pye NPL 28003 1958
13 Till Margareta (To Margareta) (Kurt Larsson)
AKE JELVING AND HIS ORCHESTRA, solo violin SIXTEN STROMVALL
HMV 7 EGS 182 1960
14 The Phantom Brigade (William H. Myddleton)
EGON KJERRMAN AND HIS ORCHESTRA
Decca SDE 7134 1958
15 The Whistler And His Dog (Arthur Pryor)
TEDDY PETERSEN AND HIS ORCHESTRA
Polydor 20394 EPH 1958
16 Hem Fran Slattern (Home From The Plains) (Kurt Larsson)
AKE JELVING AND HIS ORCHESTRA
HMV 7 EGS 182 1960
17 Happy Time (Tom Wyler, real name Toni Leutwiler)
TONI LEUTWILER AND HIS ORCHESTRA (as ‘The Harmonic Strings’)
Charles Brull/Harmonic CBL328 1952
18 Cupido Dansar (Cupid Dances) (Einar Hylin)
AKE JELVING AND HIS ORCHESTRA
HMV 7 EGS 182 1960
19 The Extravagant Polka (Pierre Leemans)
EMILE DELTOUR AND HIS ORCHESTRA
Oriole CB 1353 1957
20 Dance Of The Millions (Dolf van der Linden)
DOLF VAN DER LINDEN AND HIS METROPOLE ORCHESTRA
Paxton PR 526 1952
21 Ferry Boat Serenade (La Piccinina) (Eldo di Lazzaro)
CEDRIC DUMONT AND HIS ORCHESTRA
Polydor 45 073 LPH 1955
22 Military Tango (André Popp)
ANDRÉ POPP AND HIS ORCHESTRA
Columbia WL 130 1958
23 Amphitryon Waltz (Walter Borchert; Franz Doelle; Charlie Amberg)
ORCHESTRA MASCOTTE
Parlophone R 2691 1939
24 Tango Bolero (Juan Liossas)
BARNABAS VON GECZY AND HIS ORCHESTRA
HMV B 8833 1938
25 The Little Goblin (Der Kleine Kobold) (Willi Samariter)
FREDERICK HIPPMANN AND HIS KÜNSTLER ORCHESTRA
Odéon 26392 1930
26 Tales From The Orient – Waltz (Märchen Aus Dem Orient) (Johann Strauss II)
MAREK WEBER AND HIS ORCHESTRA
HMV C 2810 1936
27 Gib Obacht! (Watch Out!) (Ernst Fischer)
OTTO DOBRINDT AND HIS PIANO SYMPHONISTS
Odeon O 31166 1937

Stereo: tracks 3, 5 & 6; rest in mono

There is a slight shift in emphasis in this second volume of music associated with the Continent of Europe, compared with the first selection issued in 2007 on GLCD5132. Previously the intention was to create the impression of melodies reminiscent of various countries, often as perceived by musicians far distant from those foreign shores. This time all the tracks are played by orchestras resident in Europe, and there are examples of them performing some standard works from the light music repertoire, as well as pieces more closely associated with their homelands.

Two of the biggest names in Light Music during the post-war years in France and Germany have the honour of launching this collection. Roger Roger (1911-1995) was a leading figure on the French music scene for many years, and his fine compositions and arrangements also won him many admirers internationally. His own instrumental cameos were featured in a radio series called "Paris Star Time" (Paris a l’heure des Etoiles), which brought him to the attention of the London publishers Chappell & Co., who were rapidly expanding their Recorded Music Library of background music at that time. Roger’s quirky compositions soon became available to radio, television and film companies around the world, and more than a dozen have already deservedly appeared in this series of Guild Light Music CDs. British TV viewers with long memories may recall City Movement being used as the signature tune for the BBC soap opera "Compact" which was first screened in 1962.

Werner Müller (1920-1998) is also a well-established Guild favourite, sometimes under his familiar pseudonym ‘Ricardo Santos’. He was a bassoonist who became the original conductor of the RIAS (Radio In American Sector) Dance Band based in Berlin, which gave its first concert on 24 April 1949. It was not long before Müller began to realise that the public’s love affair with the swing era was gradually starting to wane, and sixteen strings were added to the line up. The band had built up a strong following through its Polydor recordings, and by the mid-1950s the labels dropped the ‘RIAS’ tag and simply credited ‘Werner Müller and his Orchestra’. In 1966 Werner moved to Westdeutsche Rundfunk in Cologne, where he continued to make LPs – both purely orchestral and also accompanying popular singers.

The fine orchestra conducted by Hans Georg Arlt (b. 1927) makes a welcome return with two contrasting and attractive numbers. So Wird’s Nie Wieder Sein(How It’s Never Going To Be) was co-composed by Gerhard Winkler (1906-1977), a highly respected composer and arranger on the German light music scene, whose charming melodies occasionally reached an international audience, such as Neapolitan Serenade on GLCD5115. Das Karussell, Das Dreht Sich Immer Rundherum (The Carousel Goes Round And Round) was the work of Michael Jary and Hans Fritz Beckmann – Jary (born Maximilian Michael Jarczyk 1906-1988) also co-composed Durch Dich Wird Diese Welt Erst Schön (Through You This World Is Beautiful) previously included on Guild GLCD5169. Hans Georg Arlt was the Concert Master of choice for many leading German conductors, such as Werner Müller, Werner Eisbrenner, Heinz Kiessling and Hans Carste.

Gérard Calvi (real name Grégoire Elie Krettly, born 1922) first came to the attention of the public in his native France when he contributed the music in 1948 to a show called "Les Branquignols", and started to write for films. By far his best known cinematic work was for the "Asterix" films, but Calvi was equally at home in the theatre and recording studios, and writing popular songs – over 300 in total. Probably his most successful composition internationally was One Of Those Songs - thanks to Will Holt adding the English lyric to a catchy orchestral piece called Le Bal de Madame de Mortemouille (on Guild GLCD5160). This time we feature two more of his original pieces, La Polka Des Menottes (Polka Of The Handcuffed Men) and Les Demons De La Nuit (The Devils Of The Night).

Any collection of Continental music would be lacking without a contribution by the great French conductor Franck Pourcel (1913-2000). During his lifetime he recorded over 2,000 songs, with I Will Follow Him (co-written with Paul Mauriat) becoming a big hit, especially in the USA. In 1960 he composed and conducted for Capitol an album devoted to French wine, from which comes the suitably bubbly Champagne.

Our roster of Continental Light Music ‘Greats’ moves back to Germany for the famous violinist who rose to prominence in the 1950s when the American Forces Network in Frankfurt described him as ‘the best jazz violinist in the world’. During his long career Helmut Zacharias (1920-2002) composed over 400 works and his album sales exceeded 13 million. Paris Palace Hotel is the title music from a 1956 French romantic comedy film starring Charles Boyer. The composer was Paul Jules Durand (1907-1977) who contributed the music score to numerous French films, and the 1954-55 TV series "The Adventures Of Sherlock Holmes".

Our first Guild ‘newcomer’ is Emile Noblot (1909-1965) who studied harmony and piano at the Paris Conservatoire, then pre-war earned his living giving piano lessons and playing on the radio. In 1940 he became a prisoner of war, and through the Red Cross he was allowed to organise a small orchestra to entertain his fellow prisoners. Back in civilian life he formed an orchestra for radio broadcasts, which sometimes numbered as many as 48 musicians. He often played on the piano, and many of his recordings featured the accordionist René Joly, who can be heard on Tu T’Fous De Moi (Are You Kidding Me?) – a tune which was made popular by Jacqueline François.

Raymond Scott’s (1908-1994) famous Toy Trumpet heralds the Swedish conductor and composer Egon Kjerrman (1920-2007), the second of several new orchestras making their debut this time. Kjerrman also conducts two other Light Music standards: Parade Of The Elves (by the German composer Kurt Noack 1895-1945) which boasts several alternative titles; and The Phantom Brigade by William H. Myddleton (1873-1950) whose surname sometimes appears as ‘Middleton’. Under the pseudonym ‘Arnold Safroni’ he wrote the famous Imperial Echoes march.

Danish music lovers will be familiar with the work of conductor and violinist Teddy Peterson (1892-1991), who is another new orchestra to Guild in this collection. He was formally trained at Copenhagen’s Music Conservatory, and played violin in many orchestras in addition to conducting his own orchestra. He was active in the film industry, and it is estimated that he recorded around 1,000 pieces of music during his long career. On this occasion we feature him conducting two well-known pieces of light music – Teddy Bears’ Picnic and The Whistler And His Dog.

A musician whose name will be familiar in his native Sweden is Ake Alexander Jelving (1908-1979). He played the violin in the Stockholm Philharmonic Orchestra, and was also a composer and conductor. His frequent radio broadcasts, particularly during the 1950s and 1960s, made him a household name, and his first appearances on Guild feature him in charming versions of melodies by Swedish composers Kurt Larsson (b. 1909) and Einar Hylin (1902-1975).

As will already have become evident, many of the orchestras featured in this collection will have been favourites in their own countries, and often beyond their national borders. As ‘Tom Wyler’, the Swiss violinist and composer Toni Leutwiler (1923-2009) became known outside his homeland, partly due to the success of his charming composition Lovely Day (on GLCD5183) which Frank Chacksfield recorded commercially for Columbia in Britain. His music was in demand from many broadcasting stations, and he was reported to have created over 2,000 arrangements. Bristol Cream (on GLCD5182) is another fine example of his mastery of string writing, but perhaps his most popular work is Happy Time on this CD.

Belgian violinist Emile Deltour (1899-1956) appears to have started his recording career as ‘Eddie Tower’, and some 78s he made in April 1940 of versions of Count Basie titles have received approval from jazz enthusiasts. Little seems to be mentioned in reference books about his light music, apart from a charming Concertino in Jazz for Harp and Orchestra which he first performed in the 1930s. On Guild GLCD5146 he appeared as both conductor (Aperitif) and co-composer (Polka For Strings); our choice this time is Extravagant Polka by the Belgian composer Pierre Leemans (1897-1980) which will have been one of Deltour’s last recordings.

We are back in familiar Guild ‘territory’ with Dolf van der Linden (real name David Gysbert van der Linden, 1915-1999). He was the leading figure on the light music scene in the Netherlands from the 1940s until the 1980s. As well as broadcasting frequently with his Metropole Orchestra, he conducted numerous recordings for the background music libraries of major music publishers. He also made transcription recordings for Dutch radio and other companies. His commercial recordings (especially for the American market) were often labelled as ‘Van Lynn’ or ‘Daniel De Carlo’. Dolf van der Linden has already appeared on more than 30 Guild CDs, and his inventive compositions such as Dance Of The Millions will ensure his deserved place in the Light Music Hall of Fame.

We return to Switzerland for a track conducted by Cédric Dumont (1916-2007), who was born in Hamburg, Germany, but during his long career he became known as "Mr. Music Man of Switzerland". He settled in Switzerland at the outbreak of World War 2 and was soon broadcasting from the studios in Basel. His career touched the classics as well as jazz, but it was in the sphere of light music that he became known throughout Europe. Eldo di Lazzaro’s catchy La Piccinina became an international hit in 1940 when the Andrews Sisters recorded it as Ferry Boat Serenade and took it to the top of the American charts.

André Charles Jean Popp (b. 1924) is a French composer, arranger and screenwriter whose main claim to fame rests with his composition Love Is Blue which was a big hit for Paul Mauriat in 1968, reaching number one in the US charts. But Popp’s long career has embraced many styles, often leading to eccentric arrangements, much of it for his broadcasts on French radio. Another success was The Portuguese Washerwomen (on Guild GLCD5132), and he returns this time with Military Tango.

There is one European light music ensemble that retains a special place in the affections of music lovers who still enjoy the traditional styles that were popular in the inter-war years. In Britain, Australia and New Zealand its numerous recordings were released under the name "Orchestra Mascotte". In Germany, Austria and Switzerland it was the "Wiener Boheme-Orchester". French record collectors looked for "Le Grand Orchestra Bohémien", and other titles included "Orchestra Tipica Viennese" (in Italy), Orquestra Los Bohemois Vieneses" (Spain and Argentina) and "Wiener Walzer Orkest" in the Netherlands. With such confusion over its name, it is hardly surprising that the conductors were also rather shadowy figures. However there is no doubt that Dajos Bela (1897-1978) and Otto Dobrindt (1886-1963) played important roles, although it seems that the various names used for the original orchestra were possibly later adopted by record companies for other ensembles. Following their Guild debut on GLCD5163 with Court Ball Dances, this time we feature the attractive Amphitryon Waltz.

Barnabas Von Géczy (1897-1971) was born in Hungary although his family originally came from Venice. After the First World War he decided to try his luck in Berlin where in 1924 he obtained his first resident engagement at the Weinhaus Traube. From 1925 to 1937 he led the Hotel Esplanade house orchestra, and during this period he made numerous broadcasts and recordings and undertook frequent tours. He became one of the best-known hotel ensembles in Germany and gained an international reputation, helped by superb performances of popular works such as Juan Liossas’ Tango Bolero.

Frederick Hippmann and his Künstler Orchestra from Berlin complete the list of five new orchestras appearing on Guild for the first time playing Willi Samariter’s The Little Goblin.

Marek Weber (1888-1964) was a major recording artist in the 1930s. He was born in the Ukraine, developed his career mainly in Germany, then moved to London to escape the Nazis, before living briefly in Switzerland - then emigrating in 1937 to the USA. His contribution this time is the waltz Tales From The Orient, one of the lesser-known works by Johann Strauss II.

Otto Dobrindt’s connection with the Orchestra Mascotte has already been mentioned, but this was just one of the many areas of Germany’s light music scene to benefit from his participation. As ‘Robert Renard’ he has previously appeared on Guild conducting Acrobatics (GLCD5132) and Donna Juanita (GLCD5116) but this was just one of several pseudonyms he adopted. From 1928 onwards he led orchestras with various names including the Odeon Dance Orchestra, Otto Dobrindt’s Piano Symphonists, Eric Harden, the Dobbri Orchestra and Frank Sandlers. To close this collection we unite his ‘Piano Symphonists’ with Ernst Fischer (1900-1975), whose compositions such as the South Of The Alps Suite (on GLCD5180) were to gain him recognition as an important light music composer. His catchy Gib Obacht! is no doubt intended simply as an entertaining novelty number, as which it perfectly succeeds.

David Ades

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Light Music CDs. Some highly recommended releases.

Light Music is ignored by most Record Stores and Radio Stations, yet it is enjoyed by millions of people around the world.

You may know it as Easy Listening or Concert Music ... or maybe Middle-of-the Road. Whatever you happen to call it, Light Music offers relaxing enjoyment at any time of the day or night, and we hope that you will return regularly to this page in the Robert Farnon Society website to keep fully informed on the latest releases.

Releases up to December 2011

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For 2011:

VOCALION REISSUE FOUR VINTAGE FARNON PHILIPS/MERCURY LPs FROM THE 1960s

Robert Farnon & His Orchestra
THE HITS OF SINATRA & A PORTRAIT OF JOHNNY MATHIS

THE HITS OF SINATRA
THE ORIGINAL LP SFL 13048 (1965) STEREO Second Time Around (Van Heusen; Cahn)
All the Way (Van Heusen; Cahn)
Come Fly with Me (Van Heusen; Cahn)
A Lovely Way to Spend an Evening (McHugh; Adamson)
In the Wee Small Hours of the Morning (Mann; Hilliard)
Only the Lonely (Van Heusen; Cahn)
Young at Heart (Richards; Leigh)
Call Me Irresponsible (Van Heusen; Cahn)
(Love is) The Tender Trap (Van Heusen; Cahn)
All or Nothing at All (Altman; Lawrence)
Nancy (With the Laughing Face) (Van Heusen; Silvers)
My Kind of Town (Van Heusen; Cahn) A PORTRAIT OF JOHNNY MATHIS
THE ORIGINAL LP SBL 7659 (1965) STEREO Misty (Garner; Burke)
The Twelfth of Never (Livingston; Webster)
It's Not for Me to Say (Allen; Stillman)
What Will My Mary Say? (Vance; Snyder)
When Sunny Gets Blue (Segal; Fisher)
Maria from 'West Side Story' (Bernstein; Sondheim)
Chances Are (Allen; Stillman)
A Certain Smile (Fain; Webster)
Gina (Vance; Carr)
Small World (Styne; Sondheim)
Wonderful, Wonderful (Edwards; Raleigh)
Someone (Kaempfert; Ilene)

Vocalion CDLK 4455

Robert Farnon & His Orchestra
MY FAIR LADY AND OTHER MUSICAL BOUQUETS & THE SENSUOUS STRINGS

MY FAIR LADY AND OTHER MUSICAL BOUQUETS
THE ORIGINAL LP SFL 13047 (1964) STEREO Get Me to the Church on Time (Lerner; Loewe)
Wouldn't it be Loverly (Lerner; Loewe)
On the Street Where You Live (Lerner; Loewe)
I've Grown Accustomed to Her Face (Lerner; Loewe)
Button Up Your Overcoat (De Sylva; Brown; Henderson)
Black Bottom (De Sylva; Brown; Henderson)
Dancing in the Dark (Schwartz; Dietz)
The Best Things in Life are Free (De Sylva; Brown; Henderson)
I'm a Dreamer, Aren't We All? (De Sylva; Brown; Henderson)
Sunnyside Up (De Sylva; Brown; Henderson) THE SENSUOUS STRINGS
THE ORIGINAL LP 852011 BY (1962) STEREO The Touch of Your Lips (Noble)
To a Young Lady (Farnon)
Isn't it Romantic? (Rodgers; Hart)
La Casita Mia (Farnon)
Moonlight Becomes You (Van Heusen; Burke)
When I Fall in Love (Young; Heyman)
Two Cigarettes in the Dark (Pollack; Webster)
I'm in the Mood for Love (McHugh; Fields)
Hey There (Adler; Ross)
Something to Remember You By (Schwartz; Dietz)
Just a Memory (De Sylva; Brown; Henderson)
Alone Together (Schwartz; Dietz)

Vocalion CDLK4462

Mike Dutton, of the UK Vocalion label, has been responsible for restoring almost all of Robert Farnon's early recordings to availability in recent years. Farnon fans owe him a deep debt of gratitude for making available once more those glorious 1950s sounds on Decca, but there has been a gap waiting to be filled regarding the 1960s -; until now.

Surprising the copyright owners have shunned the 1960s Philips LPs for decades, despite false hopes being raised on a few occasions. For years it had seemed to RFS members that the pairing of Bob's Sinatra and Mathis collections was a 'natural' for reissue, but it has taken until late 2011 for this to happen. Mike Dutton has now obliged, but he has gone one step further, by reissuing the 'My Fair Lady' and 'Sensuous Strings' albums as well.

Readers will not need reminding that these two CDs contain fine examples of Farnon's mastery of string writing, as well as his instinctive feel for the swing era that played an important part of his upbringing. What stands out today, is that these recordings do not sound dated: they could have been recorded a month or two ago, such is the timeless quality of beautifully crafted music such as this.

A long held appreciation of Farnon's work must have been the main reason why Quincy Jones signed him up to make a series of LPs for US Philips, a division of Mercury Records, also released in Britain by Philips. This produced five outstanding orchestral albums, the first of which was "The Sensuous Strings of Robert Farnon", released in October 1962. As the title suggests, "Sensuous Strings" focuses on Farnon's mastery of string writing, rather than his command of the full forces of a modern concert orchestra.

The sessions took place on 10 and 11 May 1962 at the Cine-Tele Sound (CTS) studios then situated at 49-53 Kensington Gardens Square in Bayswater, London. In some ways Farnon was thumbing his nose at Decca for their failure to fully promote his work while under contract with them, because these were new stereo recordings of numbers that had previously appeared in mono on various LPs of the 1950s.

In JIM 18 (August 1962) David Ades reported on the final session on the evening of 11 May, which he was able to attend. David wrote: "The first tune played at my visit was Just A Memory and it took well over an hour before everyone was satisfied with the result. The other three tunes -; When I Fall In Love, Hey There and To A Young Lady -; were recorded with very little trouble. Of these, To A Young Lady was the most memorable for me. It was about 9:40 and the session was due to end at 10:00pm. Only the string session and a flautist were left in the studio, and the almost haunting quality of the flute introduction had everyone in the control room amazed. The first 'take' was perfect, but with a few minutes left it was decided to play safe and have another run-through. This second performance turned out to be one of the few occasions when it has been possible to improve upon perfection!"

David also spoke with producer Quincy Jones: "Quincy Jones, A & R Manager for Mercury Records, couldn't hide his enthusiasm for Bob's music. 'I'd like to record fifty albums with him!' he told me." Douglas Gamley was also present, sitting with the balance engineer and closely checking the score to make sure that all the notes were finding their way on to the tapes.

Although the emphasis was on strings, Farnon makes subtle use of occasional woodwinds and brass. It is also good to hear two of his own compositions, the afore-mentioned To A Young Lady (dedicated to his daughter Judith) and La Casita Mia, blending perfectly with the standards making up the rest of the collection. On numerous occasions we hear the sublime violin of Raymond Cohen, for many years Farnon's concertmaster.

In later years Robert Farnon's recording sessions would be regularly reported in Journal Into Melody, but a glance through back issues in the 1960s reveals very little about the other sessions that Bob did for Philips. There were actually five instrumental LPs, the one still awaiting reissue being "Captain From Castile and other Great Movie Themes". This could be paired with the "Shalako" soundtrack, and we have suggested this to Vocalion. Will there be some good news to report about this one day soon?

This report is taken from 'Journal Into Melody', issue 191, March 2012.

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GUILD LIGHT MUSIC GLCD5182

A Second A-Z Of Light Music

1 At The Theatre ("Up For The Day Suite) (Graeme Stuart, real name Frank Tapp)
REGENT CLASSIC ORCHESTRA
Bosworth BC 1200 1947
2 Bristol Cream (Toni Leutwiler)
THE SYMPHONIA ORCHESTRA Conducted by CURT ANDERSEN
Harmonic/Charles Brull CBL 446 1959
3 Curtain Time (J. George Johnson)
NEW WORLD THEATRE ORCHESTRA
Stereo Fidelity SF-3000 1957
4 Downland (Cecil Milner)
L'ORCHESTRE DE CONCERT Conducted by PAUL O'HENRY
Chappell C 389 1950
5 Edelma (Pasilli) (Terig Tucci, arr. Percy Faith)
PERCY FAITH AND HIS ORCHESTRA with MITCH MILLER (Oboe)
Columbia CL 551 1954
6 Fairy Tiptoe (Julian Fredericks)
HARRY DAVIDSON AND HIS ORCHESTRA
Decca Music While You Work MW 406 1946
7 Gazelle (Montague Ewing)
NEW CENTURY ORCHESTRA Conducted by SIDNEY TORCH
Francis, Day & Hunter FDH 060 1950
8 Huckle Buckle (Robert Farnon)
LESLIE JONES and his ORCHESTRA OF LONDON
Pye-Nixa NSPL 83009 1959
9 In A Monastery Garden (Albert William Ketèlbey)
NEW SYMPHONY ORCHESTRA Conducted by STANFORD ROBINSON
Decca LK 4080 1954
10 Jack O'Lantern (Feux Follets) (Roger Roger)
ROGER ROGER AND HIS CHAMPS ELYSEES ORCHESTRA
Chappell C 470 1954
11 Kings Of Sport (Jack Beaver)
QUEEN'S HALL LIGHT ORCHESTRA Conducted by ROBERT FARNON
Chappell C 295 1947
12 Let Us Live For Tonight (Adrian Bernard, arr. Sidney Torch)
NEW CONCERT ORCHESTRA Conducted by REG LEOPOLD
Boosey & Hawkes OT 2127 1948
13 Miss Melanie (Ronald Binge)
STUTTGART RADIO ORCHESTRA Conducted by KURT REHFELD (as 'Lansdowne Light Orchestra' on disc label)
Impress IA 125 1956
14 No Orchids For My Lady (Alan Stranks; Jack Strachey)
ERNEST MAXIN AND HIS ORCHESTRA
Top Rank International JAR 335 1960
15 On A Little Street In Singapore (Peter DeRose; Billy Hill)
MONTY KELLY AND HIS ORCHESTRA
Trans-World TWLP 211 1957
16 Prairie Schooner (Ron Goodwin)
CYRIL STAPLETON AND HIS ORCHESTRA ( as 'Malcolm Peters')
Top Rank 39/668 1960
17 A Quiet Stroll (Charles Williams)
CHARLES WILLIAMS AND HIS CONCERT ORCHESTRA
Columbia DB 3215 1952
18 Romantic Illusion (Mischa Spoliansky)
THE HARMONIC ORCHESTRA Conducted by I. KARR
Harmonic/Charles Brull CBL 337 1952
19 Stereophonic March (David Rose)
DAVID ROSE AND HIS ORCHESTRA
MGM SE 3748 1959
20 Taxi (Bruce Campbell)
DANISH STATE RADIO ORCHESTRA Conducted by ROBERT FARNON ('Melodi Light Orchestra' on disc label)
Chappell C 546 1956
21 The Unstoppable Man (theme from the film) (Bill McGuffie)
BILL McGUFFIE, piano and conducting THE CINE-MUSICA OF LONDON
Philips BBE 12374 1960
22 Vienna City Of My Dreams (Rudolf Sieczynski, arr. Billy Ternent)
JACK HYLTON AND HIS ORCHESTRA
HMV BD 393 1936
23 A Waltz For Terry (Trevor Duncan, real name Leonard Trebilco)
NEW CONCERT ORCHESTRA Conducted by DOLF VAN DER LINDEN ('Nat Nyll' on disc label)
Boosey & Hawkes O 2350 1959
24 Exotica (Philip Green) (from "Maku And The Monkey – Ballet)
PHILIP GREEN AND HIS ORCHESTRA
MGM 180 1948
25 Young Man's Fancy (Peter Barrington, real name Felton Rapley)
NEW CONCERT ORCHESTRA Conducted by CEDRIC DUMONT
Boosey & Hawkes O 2208 1951
26 Zip Along (Edward White)
THE GROSVENOR STUDIO ORCHESTRA
Synchro FM 217 1959
Stereo tracks 3, 8 & 19; rest in mono

Just as two economists usually disagree, it would be difficult to find two music lovers who acknowledge where the exact boundaries of Light Music actually lie. The repertoire covered in this collection would certainly provide food for some serious arguments, but does it really matter? If music is enjoyable, then why do some people get so uptight about labels? At Guild we simply want to offer a varied selection that is pleasing upon a first encounter, and can become increasingly rewarding when it becomes better known, like a good friend.

Our first composer this time is Frank Harold Tapp (1883-1953) who was a contemporary of Eric Coates (1886-1957). Using the pseudonym 'Graeme Stuart', Tapp composed a suite "Up To Town which certainly contains the kind of atmosphere often generated by 'the uncrowned king of light music' when creating works dedicated to his adopted home city, London. Other suites by Tapp included "English Landmarks and "Land Of Fancy, but today his music seems largely forgotten, although two of his works have previously been featured on Guild CDs – Beachy Head Overture (GLCD5107) and Fighter Command (GLCD5164). From 1910 to 1919 he directed the Bath Pump Room Orchestra, which would have been a sizeable ensemble in those days.

As 'Tom Wyler', the Swiss violinist and composer Toni Leutwiler (1923-2009) became known outside his homeland, partly due to the success of his charming composition Lovely Day (on GLCD5183). His music was in demand from many broadcasting stations, and he was reported to have created over 2,000 arrangements. Bristol Cream is another fine example of his mastery of string writing.

J. George Johnson was an American pianist and composer who wrote more than 500 songs, although he never seems to have attained success in the charts. His best known was probably The Laughing Samba (with lyrics by his wife Anne Spear Johnson), which was recorded by The Andrews Sisters in the USA and Edmundo Ros in Britain. His composition Curtain Time came from a collection of several pieces connected with New York, from which Guild has previously included his Central Park Romance (GLCD5155) and Greenwich Village (GLCD5167). He died in April 1994 aged 80.

Edward Cecil Milner (1905-1989) was a respected backroom boy in London music circles, arranging for many top orchestras such as Mantovani, for whom he supplied around 220 scores. He was also an accomplished composer (he was being recognised while still in his twenties), with his works, such as Downland for Chappells, willingly accepted by several background music publishers. He was also closely associated with Charles Williams since their days working on pre-war British films.

Terig Tucci (1897-1973) was born in Buenos Aires, Argentina, but he achieved fame spending most of his working life in New York. He played the violin, piano and mandolin, but his affinity with Latin American music meant that the major US radio stations employed him mainly as an arranger and orchestra leader. He made numerous recordings for RCA, where he was an executive producer for a while during the 1930s. His composition Edelma has rightly become a light music standard.

Julian Fredericks' Fairy Tiptoe was published in 1911, and it is among at least 40 of his pieces which were accepted by leading publishers between around 1902 and 1927. Little seems to be known of him today.

The English composer Montague Ewing (1890-1957) also wrote under the name 'Sherman Myers' (to appeal to American audiences), and he had a most successful career mainly as a composer and arranger of light music and popular songs. Among his best known works are Policeman's Holiday (GLCD5139) and Butterflies In The Rain (on GLCD5106 and 5137). Gazelle is a piece he composed for the mood music library established by London publishers Francis, Day & Hunter.

Canadian-born Robert Farnon (1917-2005) is widely regarded as one of the greatest light music composers and arrangers of his generation. His melodies such as Portrait Of A Flirt (on Guild GLCD5120) and Jumping Bean (GLCD5162) are familiar to millions around the world. He composed a vast amount of background music for the Chappell Recorded Music Library, and one of his lesser-known, but very appealing, pieces is Huckle Buckle. Around 40 of his works are already available on Guild Light Music CDs.

From the Lozells area of Birmingham, Albert William Ketèlbey (1875-1959) was a highly successful composer, who earned the equivalent of millions of pounds during the peak of his popularity. Pieces such as In a Monastery Garden (on this CD), The Phantom Melody, In a Persian Market (GLCD5120) and Bells Across the Meadow (GLCD5108)brought him international fame, no doubt assisted by his enthusiastic participation in the rapidly growing business of producing gramophone records.

Roger Roger (1911-1995) was a leading figure on the French music scene for many years, and his fine compositions and arrangements also won him many admirers internationally. He started writing for French films towards the end of the 1930s and after the Second World War he played piano and conducted a 35-piece orchestra for a major French weekly radio series "Paris Star Time" (Paris a l'Heure des Etoiles), which was sent all over the world and even broadcast in the USA. Roger's quirky compositions soon became available to radio, television and film companies, one of the earliest being Jack O'Lantern (original French title Feux Follets). His music is already well-represented on Guild.

Jack Beaver (1900-1963) was a 'backroom boy' in the music business – always busy composing and arranging, especially for theatrical productions. He has already been represented with a dozen of his mood music pieces on Guild, and Kings Of Sport was a gift to newsreel companies around 60 years ago.

Adrian Bernard wrote the words and music for the song Let Us Live For Tonight, but the credit for making it sound so special belongs to Sidney Torch (1908-1990) who arranged it for Boosey & Hawkes. It is conducted by Reginald Leopold (1907-2003), for many years a familiar name to BBC radio listeners, especially through his 17-year association with the "Grand Hotel programme.

Ronald Binge (1910-1979) is destined to remain forever remembered as the gifted arranger who designed the 'cascading strings' effect for Mantovani, but his true achievements deserve far greater recognition. He was a prolific composer in his own right - Elizabethan Serenade (on GLCD5162) The Watermill (GLCD5183) and Miss Melanie (on this CD) being three of his best-known works.

Jack Strachey (1894-1972) has ensured his musical immortality by composing These Foolish Things (GLCD5133). In the world of light music he is also remembered as the composer of In Party Mood (GLCD5120), the catchy number he wrote for Bosworths in 1944 which was later chosen for the long-running BBC Radio series "Housewives' Choice. No Orchids For My Lady was first made popular by Frank Sinatra in 1948.

Peter De Rose (1900-1953) was a prolific and successful American songwriter, whose most enduring standard is probably Deep Purple (on Guild GLCD5129). He wrote On A Little Street In Singapore in 1938.

Prairie Schooner is a composition by Ron Goodwin (1925-2003) who was under contract to EMI for many years. Similarly Cyril Stapleton (1914-1974) had a Decca contract, so when they decided to record an LP of Ron's original pieces for a rival label Cyril had to become 'Malcolm Peters'.

Charles Williams (born Isaac Cozerbreit, 1893-1978) composed a vast amount of music for films and production music libraries. He is one of the top contributors to Guild CDs, and A Quiet Stroll became familiar in Britain as a signature tune to a regular farming programme.

Mischa Spoliansky (1898-1985) was one of several Russian-born composers who left the German film industry during the 1930s to work in Britain, and later the USA. He provided a few pieces for London publishers of mood music, which is where his Romantic Illusion originated.

London-born David Rose (1910-1990) became one of the truly great light orchestra leaders in the USA, and his compositions such as Holiday For Strings (Guild GLCD5120) made him world famous. When stereo arrived in the mid-1950s his record company asked him to write something that would exploit the new wonder, and Stereophonic March was the result – even though it was first released in some countries in mono only! Is there a faint similarity to the music for the TV series "Highway Patrol (on GLCD5130)? There has long been a rumour in the music business that the composer of that famous theme - credited as 'Ray Llewellyn' - was actually David Rose.

Bruce Campbell was one of several writers who owed much to his association with Robert Farnon. He was a fellow Canadian, who actually came to Britain some years before Farnon, and played trombone with various British bands during the 1930s. Towards the end of the 1940s Campbell realised that he possessed some skills as a composer, and Farnon encouraged him and provided some valuable guidance. The fruits of this meeting of talents have already been experienced on Guild CDs in titles such as Cloudland (GLCD5145), Windy Corner (GLCD5150) and Skippy (GLCD5125). Taxi can now be added to Campbell's growing list of Guild credits.

Another musician whose career crossed paths with Robert Farnon is William (Bill) McGuffie (1927-1987). He is remembered by most music lovers as a fine pianist, often leaning towards jazz, although his occasional work in films proved that he was also a talented composer. The 1960 British crime film The Unstoppable Man may have vanished from cinema radar, but the music certainly deserves to be remembered.

The famous Austrian tenor Richard Tauber (1891-1948) made Vienna City Of My Dreams world-famous in the mid-1930s, so it came as no surprise when one of Britain's premier bandleaders, Jack Hylton (1892-1965), decided that it deserved what was termed in those days a 'concert arrangement'. His top arranger Billy Ternent (1899-1977) provided an inventive score that certainly put Hylton's polished musicians through their paces.

Trevor Duncan (real name Leonard Charles Trebilco, 1924-2005) was working as a BBC sound engineer when one of his first compositions, High Heels (on Guild GLCD 5124) made the light music world sit up and take notice. Eventually his successful and prolific output mushroomed to such an extent that he had to give up his 'day job' at the BBC, and also find several different publishers simply because he was writing too much for just one to handle. He was successful in many musical styles, and A Waltz For Terry finds him in a wistful mood.

We have had to admit defeat in our efforts to find a composition this time beginning with the letter 'X'. But Exotica sounds like it might start with an 'X' and we hope that the choice of music will forgive this lapse in precision. Its composer Philip Green (born Harry Philip Green 1911-1982) began his professional career at the age of eighteen playing in various orchestras. Within a year he became London's youngest West End conductor at the Prince of Wales Theatre. His long recording career began in 1933, and he is credited with at least 150 film scores.

Edmund Felton Rapley, ARCM, graduated from being a church organist in Gosport, to a familiar name on the BBC especially during the 1940s and 1950s. He studied at Winchester Cathedral School, and was a regular organist for the Gaumont British Picture Corporation– sometimes being given the prestigious invitation to perform the opening concert on newly installed organs. He was a prolific composer and arranger, seemingly at home in varied styles although many of his arrangements were hymns and religious works. His own pieces included the Overture Down The Solent (on Guild GLCD5140) and the catchy Peacock Patrol (written under the pseudonym 'Peter Barrington') on GLCD5143. He wears his 'Barrington' hat again for Young Man's Fancy.

Edward White (1910-1994) enjoyed considerable acclaim with his Runaway Rocking Horse when it emerged as one of the most popular pieces of light music in the immediate post-war years – the version by the Orchestre Raymonde can be heard on Guild GLCD5102. But he was to achieve even greater success a few years later with Puffin' Billy (featured on Guild GLCD5101), thanks to its use in Britain as the signature tune of "Children's Favourites, and as the theme for "Captain Kangaroo in the USA. Many other White originals found their way into the recorded music libraries of several London publishers, and this time we have chosen his lively Zip Along to complete this A-Z of Light Music.

David Ades

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About Geoff 123
Geoff Leonard was born in Bristol. He spent much of his working career in banking but became an independent record producer in the early nineties, specialising in the works of John Barry and British TV theme compilations.
He also wrote liner notes for many soundtrack albums, including those by John Barry, Roy Budd, Ron Grainer, Maurice Jarre and Johnny Harris. He co-wrote two biographies of John Barry in 1998 and 2008, and is currently working on a biography of singer, actor, producer Adam Faith.
He joined the Internet Movie Data-base (www.imdb.com) as a data-manager in 2001 and looked after biographies, composers and the music-department, amongst other tasks. He retired after nine years loyal service in order to continue writing.